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POLLEN ANALYSIS OF HONEY (HONEY AND FLOWERS)

Thesis, Project Topic: Pollen Analysis of Honey (Honey and Flowers)


CHAPTER ONE

  • INTRODUCTION

Honey is naturally produced by the enzymatic action of bees on the nectars from different flowers. It is the natural sweet substance produced by honeybees from the nectar of flowers or from secretions coming from organisms feeding on plants, (Agwu and Nickuocha, 2004). In cold weather or when fresh food sources are scarce, bees use their stored honey as their sources of energy.

Honey has a long history of human consumption, and is used in various foods and beverages as a sweetener and flavouring. Flavour and colour of honey differs depending on the nectar source the honey bees visited. The colour of honey ranges from nearly colourless to dark brown and its flavour varies from distinctively bold to delectably mild; it depends on where the honey bees buzzed.  As a general role, light coloured honey is milder in taste and dark- coloured honey is stronger.

Honey’s high sugar content is as result of sweetness from the monosacharides, fructose, glucose and has approximately the same relative sweetness as granulated sugar (97% of the sweetness  of sucrose as disaccharide) (Subrahananyam, 1991). High sugar content, flavour and antimicrobial properties make it useful to people as well. Today, it is used in home and commercial cooking  and medical research suggests that it may be effective in treating antibiotic-resistant organisms, particularly in open wound.

The study of plant pollen, spores and certain microscope plamkton organisms (collectively termed palynotaorphs) in both living and fossil forms is known as palynology. It is useful in many applications; examples are survey of atmospheric pollen and spore production, and dispersal (acrobiology) and detailed analysis of animal’s diets.

Honey bees collect their food from plants especially from such plants that offer higher concentration of nectar. Besides collecting, nectar, honey bees also gather large quantity of pollen garin for feeding of bee larva.

Palynology provides opportunity to determines the possible pollution of the honey with dust, soot, bee-larvae as well as the possible presence of other insoluble constituents which are not found in honey (Snowdon, 1996)

The pollen analysis of honey could also help in determining the poisonous plants visited by the bees

The Objectives of this work are to:

  1. Determine the common pollen content of honey samples.
  2. Determine the geographical origin of the honey sample
  3. Evaluate the predominant honey plants.

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Topic: Thesis, Project Topic: Pollen Analysis of Honey (Honey and Flowers)

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