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Performance of the Rural Development Programmes and Agencies in Nigeria

Evaluation of the Performance of the Rural Development Programmes and Agencies in Enugu State, Nigeria

CHAPTER ONE:  INTRODUCTION

1.0 BACKGROUND OF STUDY

1.20 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

1.30 THE AIM

The aim of this study is to evaluate the performance of rural development programs and agencies operating within selected rural areas in Enugu State with a view to proposing ways for better performance and efficiency in rural development programs in the State

1.30. 2: OBJECTIVES.  

To achieve this aim, the following objectives was pursued

  1. To determine as well as analyze the various rural development programmes and agencies in the study area
  2. To determine if there are differences between the set objectives of the rural development programmes and the actual rural development projects carried out
  3. To analyse the factors that influence the performance of these rural development programmes and agencies in the study area
  4. To evolve policy guidelines that will help for an efficient and coordinated rural development programmes and agencies in the study area=

1.4. RESEARCH QUESTIONS

The following research questions were pursued in this study

  1. What are the various rural development programmes and agencies in the study area?
  2. Is there any differences between the set objectives of the rural development programmes and the actual rural development projects carried out.?
  3. What factors influence the performance of these rural development programmes and agencies in the study area?
  4. Are there some policy guidelines that will be evolve which will help for an efficient and coordinated rural development programmes and agencies in the study area.?

1.5 RESEARCH HYPOTHESES

Two research hypotheses were formulated in this study

  1. There is no significant differences between the set-objectives (proposals) and the actualized rural development projects carried out by each of the selected rural development programmes/agencies
  1. There is no significant effect of these rural development programmes on the general standard of living of the rural dwellers in the study area
  2. There is no significant relationship between the actual performance of the rural development agencies (as measured by the number of project executed) and other exploratory variables that affect performance (as measured by operational equipment (vehicles), number of personnel, funding, administrative change and public participation) in the various agencies.

1.6 SCOPE OF STUDY

The study is confined to some selected rural areas in Enugu State that have extensively expressed the various rural development programmes. The study area covered three core rural centers of the three senatorial area of Enugu State.- Ezeagu, Nsukka and Nkanu East

Again the various rural development programmes that have been adopted in most rural areas in Nigeria are categorized into types; Governmental, Non-governmental, and Quasi-governmental agencies. For this study, only the

Government organization rural development programmes and agencies were considered. This study covers a performance assessment of the programmes for a span of 30 years, since most of these rural development programmes started in early 1980’s.

The four rural development programmes that are assessed in the study include Enugu State Rural Electrification Board, Enugu State Agricultural Development Project (ENADEP), Directorate of Foods, Roads, and Rural Infrastructure, and Better Life For Rural Women. These rural development programmes are assessed as they influence development and the standard of living of the dwellers in Enugu State only.

1.7 SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY

A major challenge is the fact that the hypothetical rural dweller who is the thermometer through which one determines the impact of rural development continues to give negative readings as he is seen to be ravaged by an excruciating poverty, ignorance and disease. A lot of rigours, bottlenecks and unnecessary bureaucracy are often attached to rural development process. The result of this study will help to address the factors that were responsible for this ugly trend of poverty and ignorance in rural dwellers in spite of the numerous rural developmental programmes.

Again, the study will be beneficial to the government in that its outcome will evolve a compendium of the policy guideline that will give a robust and coordinated approach to rural development program in the state on one hand and in Nigeria in general.

  • STUDY ORGANISATION

The study is presented in seven different chapters with various subheadings.  The first chapter which constitute the general introduction comprise of the background of the study. This was followed by the statement of research problem, research questions and two null hypotheses. The significance as well as the scope of the study was highlighted in this chapter.  Chapter two of the study deals with the theoretical framework and the review of related literature that dealt on rural development programmes and policies.  This is followed with chapter three that deals with the study area and the various rural development programmes that had existed in the study area.

Research methodology was discussed in the fourth chapter. In this chapter, the sources and method of data collection was presented. In this chapter, the sample size and sampling techniques that used in the study was discussed. Furthermore, the description of the instruments (questionnaires) for the study was explained. This was followed by the description of the statistical tools that was used to test the hypotheses and the presentation of the data

Chapter five hinged on presenting, analyzing and discussions of the data. Results of the hypotheses was also explained in details in this section

Chapter six focused on the full discussions of the findings of the research and policy guides were presented in this chapter

Chapter seven gave conclusion to the study, as well as the robust recommendations. Areas for further study was also be given.

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