Oops! It appears that you have disabled your Javascript. In order for you to see this page as it is meant to appear, we ask that you please re-enable your Javascript!

LOCALLY SOURCED CASTOR OIL, AND ITS COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS WITH COMMERCIAL CASTOR OIL

Project Topic: Characteristics of Locally Sourced Castor Oil, and its Comparative Analysis with Commercial Castor Oil


ABSTRACT

This study is on the characterization of locally sourced castor oil, and its comparative analysis with that of commercial castor oil. Castor oil plant has its rising importance; it is eco-friendly and biodegradable. It can be used for biofuel, lubrication and pharmaceutical purposes. In this experiment, the castor seeds were first processed and the oil was extracted using soxhlet extractor apparatus. The physical and chemical properties of the locally sourced castor oil and that of commercial oil were determined. From the analysis of the experimental result, locally sourced castor oil compare favourably with commercial castor oil.

 CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Plants capable of bearing oil seeds for biofuel/biogas production abound. Among others, Castor Oil Plant (Ricinuscommunis) is a viable source of biofuel (biodiesel, biokerosene, etc). Castor Oil Plant is a species that belongs to the Euphorbiaceae family and it is commonly known as castor oil plant, and Palma Christi. This plant originates in Africa but it is found in both wild and cultivated statesin all the tropical and subtropical countries of the world. In wild conditions this plant is well-adapted to arid conditions and is able to stand long periods of drought. A minimal content of water and free fatty acids in oil or fat is important for obtaining optimal results in the trans-esterification process.

The existing water promotes the decomposition of esters in glycerol and fatty acids, which, combined with the fatty acids already free, saponify with the basic catalyst (soap formation) thus decreasing the efficiency of the trans-esterification. Feuge and Grose highlighted the importance of using dry oils and a fatty acid content of less than 0.5% by weight. A basic catalyst is used in the trans-esterification of triglycerides with a low content of fatty acids. However, if the water and fatty acid contents are high, either an acid catalyst must be used or two trans-esterification must be done, one with an acid catalyst and another with a basic one.

1.1  Background of study

The Castor seed products have wide spread application in many industries such as Paint, Lubricant, Pharmaceutical and Textiles. These products are growing in importance because of their biodegradable and eco-friendly nature. Trans-esterification of vegetable oil was conducted as early as 1853 by scientists many years before the first diesel engine became functional. Rudolf Christian Karl Diesel (1858-1913), German engineer, who invented the diesel engine invented a prime model- a single 10ft(3m) iron cylinder ran on its own power for the first time in Augsburg, Germany, on 10th August 1893 running on nothing but peanut oil…..

..incomplete….

1.2 Statement of Problem

The characteristics of oil depend on the type of oil, seed and the environment of the plant. Thus, this project is undertaken to characterize castor oil as a possible sources of oil for domestic and industrial use.

1.3 Objective of Study

The objective of the study is to characterize locally sourced castor oil. The information on the properties of the seed oil may help in its utilization for both domestic and industrial purposes.

1.4Scope of Work

The scope of this work is to extract oil from seeds of castor oil to achieve the objectives highlighted above. The work includes;

  1. Extensive literature review on castor oil.
  2. Methodology for the extraction of the oil from the seeds of the castor oil.
  3. Characteristics of the extracted seed oil.
  4. Analysis of the experimental data.

—This article is incomplete———–This article is incomplete———— It was extracted from a well articulated quality Project, Research Work/Material

Project Topic: Characteristics of Locally Sourced Castor Oil, and its Comparative Analysis with Commercial Castor Oil

To get the full report pay a token of 3,000 naira to the following account

BANK: ECOBANK

ACCOUNT NAME: ODUNUKWE RAPHAEL CHIEMEKA

ACCOUNT NUMBER: 4831029253

Immediately after the payment send your name, topic of interest, e-mail address, teller number and location to the following phone number: 07035282233 or email: ralphemeka@gmail.com

The full report will immediately be forwarded to you.

GOD BLESS

Related projrct/thesis topics and materials

Design and Construction of a 1000w Inverter

Palm Kernel Shell Waste Recycled Concrete Road as Cheap and Environmental Friendly Freeway on very Poor Subgrades

Sustaining Jit Manufacturing in Nigeria Motor Assembly Industry – A Case of Anambra Motor Manufacturing Company (Anammco), Enugu

———–THIS ARTICLE IS NOT COMPLETE————

To purchase complete Project Material, Pay a token of N3, 000 to our bank accounts below:

BANK NAME: ECOBANK

ACCOUNT NAME: ODUNUKWE RAPHAEL CHIEMEKA

ACCOUNT NUMBER: 4831029253

OR

BANK NAME: FIRSTBANK

ACCOUNT NAME: ODUNUKWE RAPHAEL CHIEMEKA

ACCOUNT NUMBER: 3092548117

After paying the sum of N3, 000 into any of our bank accounts, send the below details to our Phone: 07035282233

  1. Your Depositors Name
  2. Teller Number
  3. Amount Paid
  4. Project Topic
  5. Your Email Address

Send the above details to: 07035282233 AFTER payment. We will send your complete project materials to your email 30 Mins after payment.

uniprojectsearch.com will only provide papers as a reference for your research. The papers ordered and produced should be used as a guide or framework for your own paper. It is the aim of uniprojectsearch.com to only provide guidance by which the paper should be pursued. We are neither encouraging any form of plagiarism nor are we advocating the use of the papers produced herein for cheating.

This entry was posted in Agriculture, Chemical Engineering and tagged . Bookmark the permalink. Post a comment or leave a trackback: Trackback URL.

Post a Comment

Your email is never published nor shared. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>

*
*