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GEOLOGY OF CROSS RIVER STATE, NIGERIA

Project Topic: Geology of Cross River State, Nigeria – a Case of Ugep and its Environs in Yakurr Local Government Area


CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 LOCATION, EXTENT AND ACCESSIBILITY

The study area is a political unit of Yakurr Local Government Area in Cross River State which falls within Cross River Central. The area lies between latitude 5o45’N and 5o50’N and longitude 8o03’E and 8o08’E, which include villages like; Adim, Ebom, Idomi, Ntankpo and Ugep. It is bounded in the north by neighbouring villages like Ekori and Ediba, with Cross River which is the major river in the northern part of the mapped area. The Eastern part is bounded by Nkpani village, to the west is Ijom town, and to the South are Idomi and Adim. The study area is made accessible by three major road networks; the Abakaliki/Afikpo Road diversion in Abomege through Abomege/Ediba Road to Ugep, Calabar/ Biase road to Ugep and Ikom/Obubra Road to Ugep. There are other footpaths and minor routes that made the accessibility into the rural paths possible.

1.3 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES

This project is aimed at detailed geologic studies to determine the geology of Ugep and its Environs in Yakurr Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria.

  1. To carry out the geological mapping and to determine the lithostratigraphy of the study area.
  2. To determine and reconstruct the environment of deposition and the paleoecology of the sediments in the study area.
  3. To undergo Biostratigraphic studies of the area using biofacies, palynomorphs and forams.

1.4 METHOD OF STUDY

During the research, desk work and reconnaissance survey of the study area were carried out. Use of brunton compass and traversing method was adopted, that enhance the griding of the base map. Major and minor road cuts including some footpaths facilitated to access the outcrops. Each location coordinates was taken using handheld Global Positioning System (G.P.S) and the readings gotten properly plotted on the base map for the purpose of lithologic delineation, and its corresponding elevation also recorded. Attitude of beds measured using brunton compass and clinometers. Some outcrop logged from base (bottom) to top and the grain size, mineralogy, texture and sedimentary structures determined. Photographs of the geologic features taken and finally samples were collected from each location for both storage and biostratigraphic analysis

1.5       GEOMORPHOLOGIC SETTING

1.5.1 Topography and Drainage

The mapped area is part of the Cross River plains with undulating topography. It has a highest relief of about 300ft (91.46m) and a low hand of approximately 100ft (30.48m) especially to the northeast. Generally there are low laying ridges which trend from north to east and north to west of the mapped area. Most of these ridges have been dissected by streams. The sandstones form ridge and dome structures other positive relief features are due to igneous intrusions at various locations in the mapped area.

The drainage pattern in the research area is that of irregular dentritic pattern (Fig. 3). The area is drained by three major streams which are Kiwai, which drains from East to West of the mapped area, the Ugura which runs from north to south and the Lokpoyi, which according to the villagers takes it course from the northern part of the mapped which is outside the area of study. Also in the northern part of the mapped area though not in our plot is Cross River. Other striking feature in the map are the occurrence of numerous dry gullies in the field these gullies contain water during wet season and often serves as ephemeral streams (See Fig. 3 below).

—This article is not complete———–This article is not complete———— This article was extracted from a well articulated quality Project, Research Work/Material

Topic:

Geology of Cross River State, Nigeria–  a Case of Ugep and its Environs in Yakurr Local Government Area

To get the full report pay a token of 3,000 naira to the following account

BANK: ECOBANK

ACCOUNT NAME: ODUNUKWE RAPHAEL CHIEMEKA

ACCOUNT NUMBER: 4831029253

Immediately after the payment send your name, topic of interest, e-mail address and location to the following phone number: 07035282233

The full report will immediately be forwarded to you.

GOD BLESS

related project topics and materials

Geology and Structural Analysis of Okpuitumo – Izzi and its Environs

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Detailed Study and Description of Limestone Deposit in Ebonyi State, Nigeria

Geology of Ebonyi State, Nigeria – a Case of Nguzu-Edda and its Environs in Afikpo South Local Government Area

Geology of Cross River State, Nigeria – a Case of Ugep and its Environs in Yakurr Local Government Area

Geology and Hydrogeochemical Investigation of Surface Water Resources in Afikpo (Ebonyi State) and Environs

———–THIS ARTICLE IS NOT COMPLETE————

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