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BARRIERS AFFECTING UTILIZATION OF FAMILY PLANNING PRACTICE AMONG WOMEN IN NIGERIA

Thesis, Project Topic: Barrier Affecting Utilization of Family Planning Practice among Women Attending Child Welfare Clinic at Federal Teaching Hospital (FETHA 1), Abakaliki.


CHAPTER ONE

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Family planning allows individuals and couples to foresee and attain their preferred number of children, spacing and birth timing. Raising a child requires significant amount of time, social, financial and environmental resources. Women’s ability to space and limit their pregnancies has a direct impact on their health and well-being as well as on the outcome of each pregnancy. It is regarded as an important preventive measure against maternal and childhood mortality/morbidity. It is a vital and integral component of primary health care, which aims at promoting responsible parenthood, controlling population and improving the quality of life of the people, Obionu (2007)

Giving birth to children may not be a problem to some couple but the finances involved to raise a responsible citizen is of great importance, but this fact is been neglected by many people today, some out of ignorance while some is lack of enlightenment, misbelieve, culture, religion and so many other factors like some people belief that man’s wealth is determined by the number of children he was able to produce not minding whether there is shelter, clothes, food, this belief is common among igbo men especially the illiterate and those that belief in traditional title. Therefore, for women who are sexually active and have no intensions for parenthood, family planning may be an option, Durex (2006).

According to Nathan (2005), an international conference on population and development program of action was convinced to address the population problems with the following objectives:

  • Universal primary education and closing the gender gap in education by 2015.
  • Reducing maternal mortality rate by 75% by 2015.
  • Reducing infant mortality.
  • Increasing life expectancy

Due to low level of literacy in the country, it can be seen from previous works on family planning that not only do the unenlightened people have wrong ideals about the matter but those that have better information are saddled with the confusion of which method would be most suitable for them considering their age, parity, physiological condition and social background Aguiyi (2008). An important variable associated with the utilization of family planning facilities is the physical accessibility of these services Federal Ministry of Health (2009).

Basavanthappa (2008) stated that family planning is a way of thinking and living that is adopted voluntarily upon the basis of attitude, knowledge as well as responsible decisions by individual and couples in order to promote the health and welfare of the family and this contribute effectively to the social development of a country. It can also be defined as planning of when to have children and the use of birth control and other techniques to implement such plans, Diane and cooper (2003).

Despite the attention family planning has gained, its practice in Abakaliki metropolis is not encouraging due to some barriers, belief held strongly by them like most of them say, that the bible says we should go into the world and multiply. While some believe that it causes infertility and not culturally and religiously acceptable (Guilleband, 2008). Hence, this study is to determine the barrier affecting utilization of family planning practice among women attending child welfare clinic at Federal Teaching Hospital (FETHA 1) Abakaliki.

Statement of the Problem

According to the research carried out by Sonenstein et al (2004), it was reported that family planning facilities are inadequate or there is no availability of it which leads to poor utilization of family planning practice thus, increasing female mortality rate. It has also shown that about 123 million couples do not use contractive in developing countries of which Nigeria is one (Guilleband, 2008).

The increasing mortality rate among women has proved to be a major public health concern which will become an important challenge to the health sector of developing countries in the coming decades. Inspite of the family planning methods/services that are available, how many women practice or use it, how many knows the importance. Hence, this study is to identify the barrier affecting utilization of family planning practice among women attending child welfare clinic at Federal Teaching Hospital (FETHA 1) Abakaliki.

Objectives of the Study

  1. To identify the socio-demographic characteristics of women attending child welfare clinic at Federal Teaching Hospital (FETHA 1) Abakaliki.
  2. To identify the barrier affecting utilization of family planning practice among women attending child welfare clinic at Federal Teaching Hospital (FETHA 1) Abakaliki.
  3. To identify the factors promoting family planning practices among women attending child welfare clinic at Federal Teaching Hospital (FETHA 1) Abakaliki.

Significance of the Study

The importance of the study is to determine the barriers affecting utilization of family planning practice and identify way on how to promote the usage of family planning practice. Also to allow adequate time for the mother to recover from strains and stress of pregnancy and to give the parents time to recover from financial loss incurred during child rearing.

Research Question

  1. What are the demographic characteristics of women attending child welfare clinic at Federal Teaching Hospital Abakaliki?
  2. What are the barriers affecting utilization of family planning practices among women attending child welfare clinic at Federal Teaching Hospital Abakaliki.
  3. What are the factors promoting family planning practices among women attending child welfare clinic at Federal Teaching Hospital Abakaliki.

Scope of the Study and Limitation

The study is limited to barriers affecting utilization of family planning practice among women attending child welfare clinic at Federal Teaching Hospital (FETHA1) Abakaliki.

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Topic: Barriers Affecting Utilization of Family Planning Practice among Women Attending Child Welfare Clinic at Federal Teaching Hospital (FETHA 1), Abakaliki.

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