Oops! It appears that you have disabled your Javascript. In order for you to see this page as it is meant to appear, we ask that you please re-enable your Javascript!

UTERINE FIBROID (LEIOMYOMA) AMONG NIGERIAN WOMEN

Prevalence of Uterine Fibroid (Leiomyomas) among Nigerian Women


 

CHAPTER ONE

  •                                         INTRODUCTION

 

1.1.      BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Uterine fibroids (myomas or leiomyomas) are benign, monoclonal tumors of the smooth muscle cells found in the human uterus (Parker,2007). Despite the fact that their cause is still unknown, substantial evidence exists that estrogens and progestogens proliferate tumor growth (Rein et al., 1995), as the fibroids rarely appear before menarche (Fields et al., 1996) and regress after menopause (Cramer et al., 1990). Uterine fibroids are the most common benign tumors in women and the leading indication for hysterectomies in the USA, nevertheless, epidemiological data on fibroid prevalence and incidence are limited and reliable population-based research is lacking (Laughlin et al., 2010). Available data are difficult to compare due to differences in the study population and screening methods. Prevalence data range from 5% to 21% (Laughlin et al., 2009). In a US study with randomly selected women ranging from 35 to 49 years, they were screened by medical record, sonography and self-report; resulting incidence of uterine fibroids by age 35 was 60% among African-American women, escalating to > 80% by age 50, where Caucasian women showed an incidence of 40% by age 35, and almost 70% by age 50 (Day Baird et al., 2003). Apart from race, other possible risk factors for developing uterine fibroids are early age at menarche (Marshall et al., 1998), familial predisposition and overweight. Parity and smoking may protect from developing myomas (Ross et al., 1986). The majority of women with uterine fibroids are asymptomatic, as a result get less clinical attention and fibroid tumors often remain undiagnosed (Schwartz et al., 2000). Symptomatic women typically complain about abnormal uterine hemorrhage, particularly in terms of heavy and protracted bleeding (Ryan et al., 2005). In a study of Wegienka et al. (2004), it shows that women with myomas were more prone to report a “gushing”-type of bleeding and high pad/tampon use than women without myomas (Wegienka et al., 2003). Additionally, women with uterine fibroids may suffer more often from dyspareunia and non-cyclic pelvic pain (Lippman et al., 2003). Although bleeding and pelvic pain symptoms are frequently reported in literature as main symptoms related to uterine fibroids, the number of systematic studies on fibroid symptoms is limited (Day-Baird et al., 2003). Therapeutic options to treat these symptoms are surgical interventions, medical therapy, and embolization of the uterine artery (Parker, 2007). Medical treatments used to manage bleeding symptoms include progestins or oral contraceptives even though there is no evidence for their effectiveness in treating myomas (Levy, 2008). Other medical alternatives are the Levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) and GnRH-agonists. However, the LNG-IUS cannot be applied in case of significant distortion of the uterine cavity and the duration of treatment with GnRH-agonists is limited by the induction of symptoms of hypoestrogenic. Due to the reproductive desire of the patient and the severity of symptoms surgical procedures comprise myomectomy, endometrial ablation or hysterectomy (Downes et al., 2010). In 2009 the Bayer Healthcare Pharmaceuticals initiated the Uterine Bleeding and Pain Women’s Research Study (UBP-WRS), an internet-based-study across 8 countries…………  ……

………..

1.2.    AIM AND OBJECTIVES

The aim and objectives of the project include the following:

  • To determine the prevalence of Leiomyoma in Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki.
  • To determine the most common ages among the women that are affected by Leiomyoma.
  • To assist in the health policy formulation of the government, corporate and non-governmental organizations.

1.3. JUSTIFICATION:

All over the world, there is an increasing number of Leiomyoma cases. This situation is only known and appreciated in the developed world going by the level of research on this disease. There is a serious dearth of information regarding the statue of this disease in Nigeria vis-à-vis its prevalence. It is against this backdrop that research project is necessitated.

—This article is incomplete———–This article is incomplete———— It was extracted from a well articulated quality Project, Research Work/Material

Topic: Prevalence of Uterine Fibroid (Leiomyoma) among Nigerian Women -Case of Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki 

To get the full report pay a token of 3,000 naira to the following account

BANK: ECOBANK

ACCOUNT NAME: ODUNUKWE RAPHAEL CHIEMEKA

ACCOUNT NUMBER: 4831029253

Immediately after the payment send your name, topic of interest, e-mail address, teller number and location to the following phone number: 07035282233

The full report will immediately be forwarded to you.

GOD BLESS

More Nursing project Topics and Materials

———–THIS ARTICLE IS NOT COMPLETE————

To purchase complete Project Material, Pay a token of N3, 000 to our bank accounts below:

BANK NAME: ECOBANK

ACCOUNT NAME: ODUNUKWE RAPHAEL CHIEMEKA

ACCOUNT NUMBER: 4831029253

OR

BANK NAME: FIRSTBANK

ACCOUNT NAME: ODUNUKWE RAPHAEL CHIEMEKA

ACCOUNT NUMBER: 3092548117

After paying the sum of N3, 000 into any of our bank accounts, send the below details to our Phone: 07035282233

  1. Your Depositors Name
  2. Teller Number
  3. Amount Paid
  4. Project Topic
  5. Your Email Address

Send the above details to: 07035282233 AFTER payment. We will send your complete project materials to your email 30 Mins after payment.

uniprojectsearch.com will only provide papers as a reference for your research. The papers ordered and produced should be used as a guide or framework for your own paper. It is the aim of uniprojectsearch.com to only provide guidance by which the paper should be pursued. We are neither encouraging any form of plagiarism nor are we advocating the use of the papers produced herein for cheating.

This entry was posted in Department of Medical Lab. Science, Department of Nursing Science, Medical / Health Sciences and tagged , , . Bookmark the permalink. Post a comment or leave a trackback: Trackback URL.

2 Comments

  1. Florence Aroloye
    Posted April 30, 2019 at 6:03 am | Permalink

    Please is this still valid?

Post a Comment

Your email is never published nor shared. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>

*
*