Strategies for Improving Student’s Interest in Studying of Economics

The Strategies for Improving Student’s Interest in Studying of Economics in Senior Secondary Schools in Abakaliki Local Government Area of Ebonyi State

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background to the Study

Economics is taught as a course at the senior secondary school level and in the higher institution. Economics is a very important subject in the school curriculum which does not only improve the mental ability of an individual for a fruitful living but also increase potentials for problem solving, in the society, Samuelson (2000). The realization of these advantages requires all the necessary strategies and materials to be put in place to deliver the education which the society aspires to offer every students in Economics.

Unfortunately, much of what passes Economics or the performances is not encouraging in Abakaliki Local Government Area of Ebonyi State. Economics like other social science subjects has no specific definition. As there are many definitions that depend greatly on the perception of the definer subject. These universal variation in the definition of Economics arise because of the fact that the subject studies human being and their behaviour which can never be the same Nwogu (2000), these divergent human behaviours are subject to different interpretation. To substantiate our argument that Economics has multifarious definition we will quote some definition given by those we consider as authority in Economics.

According to Adam Smith. (1776), the enquire into the study of the nature and cause of the wealth, defined Economics as a stock of goods at a given time, which money value, such goods must posses utility that is to satisfy human needs, it must be limited in supply.

John (1957), defined Economics as a means of studying how total production could be increased so that the living standard measured in terms of quality and quantity of goods which people consume and services enjoyed per unit of time.

Samuelson (2000), asserts that Economics is the study of how men and society chose with or without the use of money to employ scare productive resources to produce various commodities overtime and distribute them for consumption, now and in the future among various people and groups in the society.

Alfred (1970), defined Economics as the study of mankind in the ordinary business of life earning and enjoying a living. His definition also relate to socialization of individual and materials well being. However of all the definition of economist is put forward by Robbson (1932), According to him, Economics may be defined as a social science which studies human behaviour as a relationship between ends and scarce means which have alternative uses.

Above all, from the analysis we can understand that modern Economics is neither absolutely a pure science nor a real subject but a social science. Having known some definitions of Economics we can understand that there is hardly any human activity you can engage in without coming into direct contact with Economic policy. In virtually all aspect of human activities, Economics approach is quite essential and rather quite indispensable. The evolution of Economics from early Greek and Roman philosopher due to the merchantist, economist was not completely free from other social science until the period of industrial revolution. The work devoted purely to Economics was produced by Adam. S. (1776) in his work rather book called “the wealth of nation”, the industrial revolution was a land mark in the development of Economics independence as a discipline. Since then, the number increases and multiplies daily so much that it is having narrower and narrower filed of specialization such as micro Economics, financial system, monetary Economics, industrial relation and personal management (labour Economics) project evaluation, macro Economics, econometrics etc.

The importance of Economics can be found from the fact that it prepare the learner to easily fit into several fields of human endeavors either in the public or private sector. Economics prepares learner for careers in administration, banking and finance, planning and policy making research statistics, entrepreneurship.

In Nigeria today, much emphasis is place on Economics, social, political culture development, science and technological advancement. These goals can only be attain through good education. Therefore, education plays the most active role in enabling nation to achieve these development potentials. The importance of education in overall nation development makes to ensure that the going ones are satisfied. Ani (1999) in this regard, the above claim promoted by parents and the community should in encouraging the teaching and learning environment structure and train teaching methodology employed to teach the subject, use of good curriculum and willingness to learn. These therefore, stand as the major thought of this study.

Lee (1995), the school as the centre of educational activities and the responsibilities of organizing and presenting the needed learning experience through the use of good teaching strategies for the acquisition of knowledge. The learning experience in such a way that the child’s interest, ability and potential have to be considered for affective result. The child has to put certain factors in consideration and should activating such goals.

Mohammed (1994), Economics education activities and behaviour as each person tries to utilize the available resources to obtain goods and services necessary for human survival. Economics inculcates in the students the desires for involvement in the society, provides citizenship training, makes students with intellectual capacities which will enable them have a better understanding of the world as a whole. Hence students should develop interest in the study of Economics as a subject because of the various opportunities it offers as: mentioned. Lee (1995), opined that Economics is not primarily a body of knowledge. It is a method rather than a techniques of thinking. In view of this, educators have become increasingly concerned with manner in which the instructors can most effectively and judiciously utilize the time to their effective understanding of lesson, they should always look forward and stimulate interest so as to induce learning in attempt to achieve this effectiveness, the teachers employ different teaching strategies.

Statement of the Problem

Most teachers of Economics in secondary schools in Abakaliki Local Government Area. Have failed to recognize the strategies for improve student’s interest in study of Economics. There are some problems associated with its teaching in secondary school. The specialist to teach the subject at senior secondary school level is in short supply, many untrained teachers have been appointed to teach the subject which affect the interest of the students towards it. Student’s ignorant may be due to wrong approach to Economics method, poor understanding of Economics concept, lack of adequate Economics text books and instructional materials.

In view of the above problems, there is an urgent need to carry out investigation into the teaching of Economics in Abakaliki Local Government Area secondary schools in order to ascertain what really goes on in the classrooms, identify problem and solution to these problem arising from all. Therefore, the problem are thus. What is the nature of teaching strategies of Economics in the classroom? What methods are used?, how is it evaluated?, who teaches it and what instructional material do we used. And also if different teaching strategies are adopted in teaching Economics; would they bring about an improvement in students interest in the study of Economic in senior secondary school in Abakaliki local government area of Ebonyi.

Purpose of the Study

Generally, the purpose of this study is to identify strategies for improving students interest in the study of Economics in senior secondary schools in Abakaliki Local Government Area of Ebonyi State.

Specifically, the Study tends to:

  1. Unravel the problems militating against students interest in the study of Economics as perceived by Economic teachers.
  2. Suggest the strategies that could be used in teaching economics in secondary schools in Abakaliki Local Government Area of Ebonyi State.
  3. Find out the instructional materials that are used in teaching of Economics in senior secondary schools in Abakaliki Local Government Area of Ebonyi State.

Significance of the Study

The researcher believe that the finding of this study will be of immense benefit to all those that appreciate the value of Economics, which include students, teachers, researcher, extension agents, career, counselor, government policy making and the entire public in tackling future problems.

The finding of the study will enable teachers of Economics in secondary schools to adopt and employ better teaching strategies which will also help the student develop love for and positive attitude towards the study of Economics. When youths develop interest in Economics, there will be employment opportunity, because students on learning school can establish small-scale business.

Finding of the study will guide above teacher and the extension officers in giving students the required basic skill needed for effective performance in a business operation. It will also create in youths a clear perception of the role of Economics in the national development.

Scope of the Study

The scope of the study is limited to strategies that could be used to develop the interest of students towards the study of Economics in secondary school in Abakaliki Local Government Area of Ebonyi State.

Research Questions

The following research questions guided the study:

  1. What are the problems militating against students interest in the study of economics
  2. What are instructional materials most commonly used in teaching economics in secondary schools in Abakaliki Local Government Area of Ebonyi State.
  3. What are the strategies used for teaching of economics in senior secondary schools in Abakaliki Local Government Area of Ebonyi State.

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