MAN, A WOLF TO MAN

Project Topic: MAN, A WOLF TO MAN: A SURVEY OF THOMAS HOBBES’ POLITICAL PRINCIPLES IN RELATION TO NIGERIAN SITUATION


CHAPTER ONE

 Introduction

The nature of man is such that rationality forms his essence and distinguishes him from other animals. Thomas Hobbes’ state of nature, however, paints a picture of the denial of man’s rationality. There is a devaluation of the state of man and this awakened the interest of certain thinkers, Hobbes inclusive, and they set out to restructure and establish this lost dignity of human person.

However, philosophers have proposed and adopted numerous political and philosophical theories for the respect of human dignity and for the well being of man in his natural state. Philosophers like Hobbes, John Locke, David Hume, and Jean Jacque Rousseau concentrated on man in his state of nature. Thomas Hobbes’ political theory of “Homo homini lupus” (man, a wolf to man) is what this essay concentrates and explores in relation to Nigeria political situation.

In Nigeria, so many events and attitudes of our leaders have pictured neglects and insults on the intelligence of the human person in the society. At a close observation of our country Nigeria, a person notices traces of moral decadence on the varied sectors of the government. That a land blessed with both natural and human resources with rich cultural heritage has lost this dignity and has been stripped naked by our so called leaders. The most unfortunate situation is the collapse of academics in Nigeria where it is noticed that schools are shut for months, and no one cares about the lasting consequences of this on the developing young people and the future society. The condition has attracted remarks both from within and outside the country. Nigeria has been referred to as a “failed state” or “an abysmally corrupt entity”. The story about Nigeria has always been that of woes. Read More »

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THE NIGERIAN MILITARY IN EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT

Project Topic: CHALLENGES OF THE NIGERIAN MILITARY IN AUGMENTING CIVIL TRANSPORT IN EMERGENCIES


SUMMARY

CHALLENGES OF THE NIGERIAN MILITARY IN AUGMENTING CIVIL TRANSPORT IN EMERGENCIES: Education and sensitization of the general citizenry is a main aspect of a dependable emergency management system. Such education is in the areas of information on the locations prone to disaster, when, where and how to respond in cases of emergencies as well as how to contact the relevant professionals in disaster management. The education also includes training and simulated disaster situations. The Nigerian Army’s incident in Jalingo in 2005 and Sokoto in 2010 showed that the general populace is yet to key into the paradigm procedure in overseeing emergencies. In both cases, there was no ordered control of victims of the disaster either by themselves or relevant disaster management agencies. The situation created disorder and resulted in people getting in the way of emergency response workers. The Nigerian Media organizations have a responsibility in sensitizing, Read More »

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SUSTAINING JUST IN TIME (JIT) MANUFACTURING IN NIGERIA MOTOR ASSEMBLY, A CASE OF ANAMMCO, ENUGU

Project Topic: SUSTAINING JIT MANUFACTURING IN NIGERIA MOTOR ASSEMBLY INDUSTRY – A CASE OF ANAMBRA MOTOR MANUFACTURING COMPANY (ANAMMCO), ENUGU


CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

  • Background of the Study

SUSTAINING JIT MANUFACTURING IN NIGERIA MOTOR ASSEMBLY INDUSTRY – A CASE OF ANAMBRA MOTOR MANUFACTURING COMPANY (ANAMMCO), ENUGU:

Necessity they say is the mother of invention, new circumstances require new arrangements. To meet up with the increasing requirements for efficiency and responsiveness, manufacturing and operations management philosophies have been developed during the past decades. Just-in-Time (JIT) is one of them, first introduced at Toyota Motor Corporation (SUGIMORI et al. 1977). The term just-in-time is used to refer to a production system in which both the movement of goods during production and deliveries from suppliers are diligently timed so that at each step of the process the next (usually small) batch arrives for processing immediately the preceding batch is duly completed. Appropriate planning and control mechanisms are necessary basis for the effective implementation of the JIT idea in any organization. JIT is a philosophy of continuous improvement that puts emphasis on prevention rather than correction, and demands total companywide focus on quality towards achieving world class manufacturing where production is driven by demand. Read More »

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THOMAS AQUINAS’ STATE AND RULERSHIP -KEEPING NIGERIAN POLITICS IN LINE

Project Topic: TOMAS AQUINAS NOTION OF STATE AND RULERSHIP –KEEPING NIGERIAN POLITICS IN LINE


CHAPTER ONE

“TOMAS AQUINAS NOTION OF STATE AND RULERSHIP –KEEPING NIGERIAN POLITICS IN LINE”

1.1   General Introduction

        No epoch has had, notions so numerous and varied of state and rulership in such a fascinating and effective way, or in communicating this knowledge in so rapid and easy a way. Yet it is also true that no epoch has known less than what the knowledge of state and rulership is all about.

History is replete with the search for the best way to rule the state. This has given rise to various theories of government. Some of the theories have worked well in some places and not in other. African countries are no exception. I wish that this research work will help to influence the pitiable condition of the world politics. In the face of our county’s drift and traumatisation, occasioned by decades of despotism and demonic rule, this dissertation seeks in general to undermine or underline the many litanies of problems in global political concepts and what we can do as the masses of the nations that are involved Read More »

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ARISTOTLE’S CONCEPTION OF SLAVERY

Project Topic: EVALUATION OF ARISTOTLE’S CONCEPTION OF SLAVERY


CHAPTER ONE

1.0       Introduction

Throughout the different historical philosophical epochs, man has undergone strings of torture, suppression, oppression, dehumanization, relegation, subjugation, degradation, humiliation and all sorts of discrimination from his fellow man; thus man becomes a wolf to man. Sequel to this, man has subjected his fellow man to perennial servitude, thus, depriving him of his inalienable fundamental human rights. As a matter of fact, man should not be subjected to slavery due to his dignity as human. Since slavery dehumanizes and creates inequality among human beings and based on this, Thomas Jefferson declared unequivocally:

“We hold these truths to be self-evident that all men are created equal and that they are endowed with certain inalienable rights among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness”.[1]

Slavery as an institution is heinous and appalling. Fagothey states that “slavery as a historical institution looked on slaves as property, as animated tools, to be bought and sold. There can hardly be anything more degrading to personal dignity than this revolting practice”.[2] Human personality should be respected because God created man in his image, dignity, worth and sacredness of the human person comes directly from God. On this note Rev. Fr. John Odey remarked that: Read More »

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Diabetes mellitus and its complications

 Project Topic: Diabetes mellitus and its complications


SUMMARY

Diabetes mellitus and its complications:  Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic disorder in which a person has high blood sugar either because the body does not produce enough insulin or because cells do not respond to the insulin. There are three main types of diabetes. Symptoms include increased thirst, frequent urination, constant hunger weight loss, blurred vision etc, complications includes hypo/hyperglycemia, diabetic ketoacidosis, hypertension, neuropathy, nephropathy etc. insulin therapy is used for the treatment of diabetes by administration of exogenous insulin. Islet cell transplantation is a procedure which effectively controls blood glucose level for diabetic patients. A number of plants have been described as a traditional medicine for the treatment of diabetes. Vitamine D supplementation has been found to lower the incidence of type I diabetes. Several classes of oral hypoglycemic agents like sulfonyhreas, biguanides and alpha-glucosidase inhibitors are available for the treatment of type 11 diabetes. Targeted drug delivery for the treatment of diabetes using nanotechnology is one of the recent advances in nanomedicine. Read More »

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OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS ON BLOOD GLUCOSE AND CHOLESTEROL

Project Topic: EFFECT OF OMEGA-3 FATTY ACID ON BLOOD GLUCOSE AND TOTAL CHOLESTEROL IN DIABETES


CHAPTER ONE

  1.0  Introduction

:  The importance of omega-3 fatty acids in health promotion and disease prevention cannot be over stated. The three most nutritional important Omega-3 fatty acids are alpha linolenic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). One key reason as to why Omega-3 fish oil has such a powerful effect on fat and carbohydrate metabolism is that insulin levels secretions can be changes by fish oil or Omega-3 PUFAS thereof (Sundar et al; 2003) protein effect of fish oil intake on the development of insulin resistance has been reported in prospective epidermological studies (Fesken et al; 1995) Consequently it has been observed that diabetes and it complications are major causes of morbidity and mortality in the U.S and contribute substantially to health care cost (Centre of disease control and prevention 2008). Therefore diabetes is a disease of carbohydrate metabolism whose hallmark is high blood sugar. Diabetes mellitus is thus defined as a group of metabolic disorder characterized by elevation of blood glucose concentration and is associated with increased prevalence of macrovascular complications. TYPE-1- Diabetes mellitus reflects lacks of insulin the hormone that controls blood sugar; This result from cellular mediated autoimmune destruction of pancreatic B-cells of islets of Langerhans and results in loss of insulin production (Shivananda et al; 2005). Therefore damage to pancreatic B-cells due to the release of tumor necrosis factor-a (TNF-a) and interlenkin-1(IL-1) produced by infiltrating macrophages, lymphocytes, and monocyte leads to the development of type-1 diabetes mellitus (DM) Read More »

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LASSA FEVER AMONG HEALTH CARE WORKERS

Project Topic: KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PREVENTION OF LASSA FEVER INFECTION AMONG HEALTH CARE WORKERS IN FEDERAL TEACHING HOSPITAL ABAKALIKI


ABSTRACT

 This is a descriptive cross sectional study of the population of healthcare workers in FETHA to ascertain their knowledge, attitude and preventive measures against Lassa Fever infection. The study population was 300 respondents out of (1175) healthcare workers in FETHA. The study population comprised the medical doctors, the nurses, the medical laboratory scientists, pharmacists, health attendants, community health extension workers (CHEWS) and physiotherapists. The study also cut across the entire departments in the teaching hospital. The data collected are displayed in tables, and analyzed with the analyzing software (epi info 2005 version). Amongst 300 respondents, % have heard of lassa fever while % knew that lassa fever infection is caused by lassa virus. % have no idea of the causative agent while few said that it is caused by bacteria, fungi and others. % respondent knew that lassa fever is transmitted through contact whereas % said it is through aerosol. Among the 300 respondents, 197(65.89%) admitted to have seen lassa fever patients, while 103(33.1%) said they have not seen lassa fever patient. Among the 197 respondents who admitted to have seen lassa fever patients, 140 (71%) have been involved in the management of the patients.  (%) of the respondents said that lassa fever can be prevented, they stated that Read More »

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Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) Among Quarry Workers

CHAPTER ONE

Project Topic: Estimation of Total and Free Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) among Quarry Workers at Ezza Umuoghara Quarry Site ln Eza North Local Government, Ebonyi State


1.0          Introduction

Quarries have been very important in environmental development and also serve a means of employment and source of income. A quarry is a type of open pit mine from which minerals are extracted. They are used for extracting building materials such as dimension stone. They are usually shallower than other types of open pit mines (Kumaggi et al., 1978).

Stone or rock quarrying is a multistage process by which rock or stone is extracted from the ground and crushed to produce aggregates (granites and many other  minerals) which is then screened into required size for immediate use or for further processing such as coating with sidemen to make bituminous macadam (bitimae) or asphalt (Terpordei et al., 2002) .

Thus, it is this process stone or rock quarrying that crystalline silica quarter can be produced, which is said to have a significant impact on the environment, workers or people living near by possibly due to the increase circulation of dust (Raymond et al., 2010). Read More »

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Justice in Plato’s Political Philosophy

Project Topic: The Concept of Justice in Plato’s Political Philosophy vis-a-vis Nigerian Situation


CHAPTER ONE

  1. Notion of Justice

1.1       Meaning of Justice?

The word justice comes from the Latin word “Justitia” or “Justus” meaning equitableness, unprejudiced, adjudication of conflicting interest on the basis of legal or moral principle, lawfulness; what is rightful due. In fact, it is simply the way in which each person gets what belongs to him. This is why the yardstick for measuring the worth of any human society is the level of justice and fair play in that society.[1]

In giving credence to this view P. J. Proudhon rightly attests that:

Justice under various names governs the world -nature and humanity, science and conscience, Logic and morals, political economic, politics, history, literature, and art. Justice is that which is most primitive in the human soul, most fundament in society, most sacred among ideas, and what the masses demand with great ardour. It is the essence of religions and at the same time the form of reason, the sacred object of faith, the beginning, middle, and end of knowledge. What can be imagined stronger, more complete than Justice?[2] Read More »

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