PALM KERNEL SHELL WASTE RECYCLED CONCRETE ROAD

Project Topic: PALM KERNEL SHELL WASTE RECYCLED CONCRETE ROAD AS CHEAP AND ENVIRONMENTAL FRIENDLY FREEWAY ON VERY POOR SUBGRADES


Introduction

Freeways (rural roads) are transportation amenities for movement of goods and people in automobiles at desirable speeds in the country side between cities, towns and suburbs. This thesis presents palm kernel shell wastes as coarse aggregates for the provision of firm pavements that are environmental friendly, structural efficient and also cost effective roads in the rural as well as coastal areas where aggregates are not available and palm kernel waste dumps increases daily with resulting environmental pollution challenges Read More »

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FREEDOM AND LAW IN THOMAS AQUINAS

Project Topic: THE NOTION OF FREEDOM AND LAW IN THOMAS AQUINAS


INTRODUCTION

  1. Statement of the Problem

Man in his very nature is a free being. He is endowed with the gift of freewill. However, that man is free does not imply freedom to the absolute degree, he is not absolutely free. One man’s freedom ends where that of the other begins. This would not have been the case if the law is not there. Therefore, law helps to keep the infringement of people’s freedom in check.

Despite all these, the struggle for freedom in essence, is people’s struggle to be able to satisfy their individual needs. Therefore, mankind continually moves towards the advancement and always on the road to the realization of freedom.

To maintain order, man tries to adhere to the laws guiding him. This makes man moral. And as it were, first thing in morality is the inherent freedom in man. Everybody pursues freedom. Freedom makes man a human person. Poets write about freedom, government officials promise and proclaim it; some people nearly loose their precious lives to win this freedom for themselves and for others. But what actually is this freedom?

This work considered in the light of St Thomas Aquinas deals on Freedom and Law. It is neither a deterministic nor purely indeterministic solution to the problem of freedom and law; it is an appraisal, arrived by reconciling the positions of freedom and law. As regards Aquinas’ proximate ends, man enjoys freedom of judgment and of choice, that is, of judging freely of the things to be done and not to be done.

Man’s experience of his own behaviors and decisions includes an awareness of his own freedom, of his own ability to decide for himself, to deliberate about what to do in various situations (bearing in mind not to trespass another’s boundary), and to come to his own conclusion about what to believe and what to do.

Nevertheless, man’s deliberation on what to do necessarily involves the dictates of the law; not to “infringe on once freedom in a quest to achieve his own freedom.” It then becomes quite pertinent to understand fully what freedom is before delving into law. This is because they are like the two sides of the same coin, as we shall see. And this was what resulted to my treating freedom first before law in this work. Aquinas conceives law as an ordinance of reason promulgated by one who has the community’s interest at heart. In order for us to act well as human beings, our actions should proceed from reason of what we are about to do. According to Mary Clark:

Man, if perfect in virtue is the best of animals, but if he becomes separated from law and morality, he is the worst of animals. For man, unlike other animals, has the weapons of reason with which to exploit his best desire and cruelty![1]

Man is by nature a social animal, and every rational being would testify to the fact that a society of whatever level which does not establish and apply freedom and law to its subjects, is comparatively similar to a train full of people, heading towards the Atlantic ocean. Law connotes some sort of regulations that govern our actions and affairs. It involves something more than mere reprobation.

Just as all men see that there are good acts and bad acts so also they acknowledge some kind of compulsion to do the good and avoid the evil. In the same manner, having observed certain development caused by man in many societies, a medieval theologian and philosopher, St. Thomas Aquinas, took it upon himself and deemed it necessary to render a good example by stressing the significance of, and as well advocating the existence of freedom and law.

  1. Purpose of Study

In the face of the contemporary clamour for true freedom, this work could be said to be both necessary and timely. This is corroborated by the fact that the natural law makes it intrinsic for every person to seek after freedom. This work is, therefore, a thought-pattern, which seeks to unravel the authenticity and credibility of this claim that the search for freedom is ontological to man. Taking the Thomistic viewpoint as a case study, this work will assess every argument for and against the law and freedom, after making a historical survey of the meaning of the notion of freedom.

  1. Scope of Study

In this thesis, we shall unveil the Thomistic notion of law and freedom as outlined in chapters three. We shall also try to consult other authorities who have written or spoken on this very issue. However, this thesis may not exhaust the whole notion of freedom and law as Aquinas understood it, but can suffice as a mere appraisal of the notion

  1. Method of Study

Because of the nature and the purpose of this work, its major methodology will be critical analysis. However, I will also employ exposition, history and interpretation in order to give this work a reasonable approach.

  1. Division of Work

In the first chapter, we shall examine in details the general notion of freedom. The second chapter deals with the term ‘law’ in general and equally the Thomistic notion of law. Chapter three deals with the two major sub-headings of this thesis, that is, freedom and law and juxtaposed with morality. Finally, chapter four deals with the Thomistic approach to the implications of freedom and law and the appraisal of Aquinas notion of law through critical evaluation and conclusion.

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Topic: THE NOTION OF FREEDOM AND LAW IN THOMAS AQUINAS

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The Immortality Of The Soul In Plato

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MAN, A WOLF TO MAN

Project Topic: MAN, A WOLF TO MAN: A SURVEY OF THOMAS HOBBES’ POLITICAL PRINCIPLES IN RELATION TO NIGERIAN SITUATION


CHAPTER ONE

 Introduction

The nature of man is such that rationality forms his essence and distinguishes him from other animals. Thomas Hobbes’ state of nature, however, paints a picture of the denial of man’s rationality. There is a devaluation of the state of man and this awakened the interest of certain thinkers, Hobbes inclusive, and they set out to restructure and establish this lost dignity of human person.

However, philosophers have proposed and adopted numerous political and philosophical theories for the respect of human dignity and for the well being of man in his natural state. Philosophers like Hobbes, John Locke, David Hume, and Jean Jacque Rousseau concentrated on man in his state of nature. Thomas Hobbes’ political theory of “Homo homini lupus” (man, a wolf to man) is what this essay concentrates and explores in relation to Nigeria political situation.

In Nigeria, so many events and attitudes of our leaders have pictured neglects and insults on the intelligence of the human person in the society. At a close observation of our country Nigeria, a person notices traces of moral decadence on the varied sectors of the government. That a land blessed with both natural and human resources with rich cultural heritage has lost this dignity and has been stripped naked by our so called leaders. The most unfortunate situation is the collapse of academics in Nigeria where it is noticed that schools are shut for months, and no one cares about the lasting consequences of this on the developing young people and the future society. The condition has attracted remarks both from within and outside the country. Nigeria has been referred to as a “failed state” or “an abysmally corrupt entity”. The story about Nigeria has always been that of woes. Read More »

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THE NIGERIAN MILITARY IN EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT

Project Topic: CHALLENGES OF THE NIGERIAN MILITARY IN AUGMENTING CIVIL TRANSPORT IN EMERGENCIES


SUMMARY

CHALLENGES OF THE NIGERIAN MILITARY IN AUGMENTING CIVIL TRANSPORT IN EMERGENCIES: Education and sensitization of the general citizenry is a main aspect of a dependable emergency management system. Such education is in the areas of information on the locations prone to disaster, when, where and how to respond in cases of emergencies as well as how to contact the relevant professionals in disaster management. The education also includes training and simulated disaster situations. The Nigerian Army’s incident in Jalingo in 2005 and Sokoto in 2010 showed that the general populace is yet to key into the paradigm procedure in overseeing emergencies. In both cases, there was no ordered control of victims of the disaster either by themselves or relevant disaster management agencies. The situation created disorder and resulted in people getting in the way of emergency response workers. The Nigerian Media organizations have a responsibility in sensitizing, Read More »

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SUSTAINING JUST IN TIME (JIT) MANUFACTURING IN NIGERIA MOTOR ASSEMBLY, A CASE OF ANAMMCO, ENUGU

Project Topic: SUSTAINING JIT MANUFACTURING IN NIGERIA MOTOR ASSEMBLY INDUSTRY – A CASE OF ANAMBRA MOTOR MANUFACTURING COMPANY (ANAMMCO), ENUGU


CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

  • Background of the Study

SUSTAINING JIT MANUFACTURING IN NIGERIA MOTOR ASSEMBLY INDUSTRY – A CASE OF ANAMBRA MOTOR MANUFACTURING COMPANY (ANAMMCO), ENUGU:

Necessity they say is the mother of invention, new circumstances require new arrangements. To meet up with the increasing requirements for efficiency and responsiveness, manufacturing and operations management philosophies have been developed during the past decades. Just-in-Time (JIT) is one of them, first introduced at Toyota Motor Corporation (SUGIMORI et al. 1977). The term just-in-time is used to refer to a production system in which both the movement of goods during production and deliveries from suppliers are diligently timed so that at each step of the process the next (usually small) batch arrives for processing immediately the preceding batch is duly completed. Appropriate planning and control mechanisms are necessary basis for the effective implementation of the JIT idea in any organization. JIT is a philosophy of continuous improvement that puts emphasis on prevention rather than correction, and demands total companywide focus on quality towards achieving world class manufacturing where production is driven by demand. Read More »

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THOMAS AQUINAS’ STATE AND RULERSHIP -KEEPING NIGERIAN POLITICS IN LINE

Project Topic: TOMAS AQUINAS NOTION OF STATE AND RULERSHIP –KEEPING NIGERIAN POLITICS IN LINE


CHAPTER ONE

“TOMAS AQUINAS NOTION OF STATE AND RULERSHIP –KEEPING NIGERIAN POLITICS IN LINE”

1.1   General Introduction

        No epoch has had, notions so numerous and varied of state and rulership in such a fascinating and effective way, or in communicating this knowledge in so rapid and easy a way. Yet it is also true that no epoch has known less than what the knowledge of state and rulership is all about.

History is replete with the search for the best way to rule the state. This has given rise to various theories of government. Some of the theories have worked well in some places and not in other. African countries are no exception. I wish that this research work will help to influence the pitiable condition of the world politics. In the face of our county’s drift and traumatisation, occasioned by decades of despotism and demonic rule, this dissertation seeks in general to undermine or underline the many litanies of problems in global political concepts and what we can do as the masses of the nations that are involved Read More »

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ARISTOTLE’S CONCEPTION OF SLAVERY

Project Topic: EVALUATION OF ARISTOTLE’S CONCEPTION OF SLAVERY


CHAPTER ONE

1.0       Introduction

Throughout the different historical philosophical epochs, man has undergone strings of torture, suppression, oppression, dehumanization, relegation, subjugation, degradation, humiliation and all sorts of discrimination from his fellow man; thus man becomes a wolf to man. Sequel to this, man has subjected his fellow man to perennial servitude, thus, depriving him of his inalienable fundamental human rights. As a matter of fact, man should not be subjected to slavery due to his dignity as human. Since slavery dehumanizes and creates inequality among human beings and based on this, Thomas Jefferson declared unequivocally:

“We hold these truths to be self-evident that all men are created equal and that they are endowed with certain inalienable rights among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness”.[1]

Slavery as an institution is heinous and appalling. Fagothey states that “slavery as a historical institution looked on slaves as property, as animated tools, to be bought and sold. There can hardly be anything more degrading to personal dignity than this revolting practice”.[2] Human personality should be respected because God created man in his image, dignity, worth and sacredness of the human person comes directly from God. On this note Rev. Fr. John Odey remarked that: Read More »

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Diabetes mellitus and its complications

 Project Topic: Diabetes mellitus and its complications


SUMMARY

Diabetes mellitus and its complications:  Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic disorder in which a person has high blood sugar either because the body does not produce enough insulin or because cells do not respond to the insulin. There are three main types of diabetes. Symptoms include increased thirst, frequent urination, constant hunger weight loss, blurred vision etc, complications includes hypo/hyperglycemia, diabetic ketoacidosis, hypertension, neuropathy, nephropathy etc. insulin therapy is used for the treatment of diabetes by administration of exogenous insulin. Islet cell transplantation is a procedure which effectively controls blood glucose level for diabetic patients. A number of plants have been described as a traditional medicine for the treatment of diabetes. Vitamine D supplementation has been found to lower the incidence of type I diabetes. Several classes of oral hypoglycemic agents like sulfonyhreas, biguanides and alpha-glucosidase inhibitors are available for the treatment of type 11 diabetes. Targeted drug delivery for the treatment of diabetes using nanotechnology is one of the recent advances in nanomedicine. Read More »

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OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS ON BLOOD GLUCOSE AND CHOLESTEROL

Project Topic: EFFECT OF OMEGA-3 FATTY ACID ON BLOOD GLUCOSE AND TOTAL CHOLESTEROL IN DIABETES


CHAPTER ONE

  1.0  Introduction

:  The importance of omega-3 fatty acids in health promotion and disease prevention cannot be over stated. The three most nutritional important Omega-3 fatty acids are alpha linolenic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). One key reason as to why Omega-3 fish oil has such a powerful effect on fat and carbohydrate metabolism is that insulin levels secretions can be changes by fish oil or Omega-3 PUFAS thereof (Sundar et al; 2003) protein effect of fish oil intake on the development of insulin resistance has been reported in prospective epidermological studies (Fesken et al; 1995) Consequently it has been observed that diabetes and it complications are major causes of morbidity and mortality in the U.S and contribute substantially to health care cost (Centre of disease control and prevention 2008). Therefore diabetes is a disease of carbohydrate metabolism whose hallmark is high blood sugar. Diabetes mellitus is thus defined as a group of metabolic disorder characterized by elevation of blood glucose concentration and is associated with increased prevalence of macrovascular complications. TYPE-1- Diabetes mellitus reflects lacks of insulin the hormone that controls blood sugar; This result from cellular mediated autoimmune destruction of pancreatic B-cells of islets of Langerhans and results in loss of insulin production (Shivananda et al; 2005). Therefore damage to pancreatic B-cells due to the release of tumor necrosis factor-a (TNF-a) and interlenkin-1(IL-1) produced by infiltrating macrophages, lymphocytes, and monocyte leads to the development of type-1 diabetes mellitus (DM) Read More »

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LASSA FEVER AMONG HEALTH CARE WORKERS

Project Topic: KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PREVENTION OF LASSA FEVER INFECTION AMONG HEALTH CARE WORKERS IN FEDERAL TEACHING HOSPITAL ABAKALIKI


ABSTRACT

 This is a descriptive cross sectional study of the population of healthcare workers in FETHA to ascertain their knowledge, attitude and preventive measures against Lassa Fever infection. The study population was 300 respondents out of (1175) healthcare workers in FETHA. The study population comprised the medical doctors, the nurses, the medical laboratory scientists, pharmacists, health attendants, community health extension workers (CHEWS) and physiotherapists. The study also cut across the entire departments in the teaching hospital. The data collected are displayed in tables, and analyzed with the analyzing software (epi info 2005 version). Amongst 300 respondents, % have heard of lassa fever while % knew that lassa fever infection is caused by lassa virus. % have no idea of the causative agent while few said that it is caused by bacteria, fungi and others. % respondent knew that lassa fever is transmitted through contact whereas % said it is through aerosol. Among the 300 respondents, 197(65.89%) admitted to have seen lassa fever patients, while 103(33.1%) said they have not seen lassa fever patient. Among the 197 respondents who admitted to have seen lassa fever patients, 140 (71%) have been involved in the management of the patients.  (%) of the respondents said that lassa fever can be prevented, they stated that Read More »

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