Effects of Solar Radio Flux on Radio Refractivity

Effects of Solar Radio Flux on Radio Refractivity in Nsukka, Nigeria

ABSTRACT

This work investigates the effect of Solar Radio Flux on Radio Refractivity in Nsukka Nigeria. The result of the investigation shows that refractivity usually increase during the morning hours when solar outburst is observed low and declines towards evening hours when the solar flux increased gradually. Thus Radio refractivity in Nsukka (January to April 2008) is observed high when there is low outburst of solar radio flux and low when the solar flux is high. These changes in refractivity were observed to be caused by changes/variations in atmospheric parameters of Temperature, Relative humidity and Pressure which thus causes change in refractive index.

Keywords: Atmospheric parameters, Solar radio flux, Refractivity Read More »

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Domestic Approach towards Convulsion among Mothers

Domestic Approach towards Convulsion among Mothers with One or More Children in Ngbo of Ohuakwu Local Government Area of Ebonyi State

ABSTRACT

This research variable attempts to readily examine the already existing remedies for the treatment of febrile convulsion at home mainly by mothers situated at Ukwuagba Community in Ohaukwu Local Government Area. The research study is specifically determined to ascertain the rate of knowledge of aetiology of febrile convulsions, various home remedies applied by mothers in the treatment of febrile convulsion, and the various reasons for the various treatments, a precise and descriptive method was used. Area of study covered the Ukwuagba Community in Ohaukwu local government  area of Ebonyi State, the population for study consist of about four thousand seven hundred and fifty mothers (4, 750) residing in the same community at the time of study. Then a precise sample of 265 mothers was variably selected through stratified random sampling, 265 questionnaires were administered out of which 265 respondent gave responses that were accepted for working purposes. The findings were that mothers solely believe that the term febrile convulsion is caused by evil spirit poisonous neighbours witches, wizards in that specific designated home preparations and remedies e.g “ginger, garlic, udeaki” mixed with some other natural herbs, placing the baby’s feet and hands on heat are also used to treat febrile convulsion in children and that inaccessibility of hospital, lack of drugs and treatment costs in the hospital made mothers valuable to Domestic Approach of the disease in children. In conclusion, febrile convulsion is a deadly diseases that requires urgent orthodox management, I therefore strongly recommend that urgent help should be rendered by the government should ensures easy accessibility of health care delivery to the people in the rural areas by citing at least one health centre in every locality.  Read More »

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Hetrobranchus Bidorsalis To Different Concentration Of Orizoprlus Herbicides

Behavioural Responses Of Hetrobranchus Bidorsalis To Different Concentration Of Orizoprlus Herbicides (Propanil/2,4-D)

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Fish is an essential source of animal protein in the most part of the globe because some competing protein sources of animal origin like beef have been implication in heart diseases (Owondeinde et al., 2011). It is an essential part of most meals in Nigeria and account for about 37% of Nigeria’s total protein requirement (Ndimele et al., 2011). Fish  production in Nigeria  is dominated by the captured sector especially Artisanal coastal and  Artisanal inland fisheries and  gives employment to a lot of the riverine  population. FAO (2003) reported that Nigeria is one of the large importers of fish in the developing world. She exports about 600,000 metric tones annually. Read More »

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Amino Acid And Sugar Compositions Of Phoenix Dactylifera

Amino Acid And Sugar Compositions Of Phoenix Dactylifera (Date Fruits) Sold In Abakaliki.

ABSTRACT

This study was carried out to evaluate the amino acid and reducing sugar composition of Phoenix dactylifera sold in Abakaliki. Amino acid profile and reducing sugar composition were analysed using standard method. The results obtained revealed the presence of ninety (19) amino acids in the fruits of Phoenix dactylifera with proline and tryptophan as the major amino acids. The result also revealed the presence of trimethysone. The result equally revealed the presence of glucose (340 nm), fructose (530 nm) and sucrose (620 nm) in the Phoenix dactylifera fruit. This indicates that Phoenix dactylifera fruits are good source of essential amino acids, energy and the consumption should be encouraged. Read More »

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Perception of Women about Teenage Pregnancy

Perception of Women about Teenage Pregnancy in Amichi Community Nnewi South Local Government Area, Anambra State

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study

Adolescent pregnancy is a major contributor to maternal and child mortality and to the viscous cycle of ill-health and poverty. The global strategy for women and children health launched by the United Nations secretary General in 2010, stressed the importance of addressing the health and welfare of adolescents girls in order to achieve the fifth (5th) millennium developmental goal on maternal mortality reduction.

According to Cater, Felice and Rosoff (2005), adolescent period is a period of transition from childhood to adulthood. Adolescence is a distinct and important biological and social stage of development which starts with puberty. Pregnancy occurring in a girl aged between 10-19 years is termed adolescent or teenage pregnancy whether married or unmarried. Adolescent pregnancy continue to be a complex and challenging issues for families, health workers, educators, government, societies and adolescents themselves. Read More »

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Theism and the Existence of Evil in St. Augustine: A Critique

The Problem of Theism and the Existence of Evil in St. Augustine: A Critique

Abstract

This work looks into the different mysteries of life as experienced by man, specifically, the reality of evil in the world created by Omnipotent, Omniscient and all-loving creator, these evils in the world have caused division among thinkers; theists, where St. Augustine is used as a case study and atheists. The work therefore is an attempt at reflecting on the existence of evil in a world assumed to be created and designed by a God that is both Omnipotent and infinitely good as the theists believe. Furthermore, the work aims at revealing some supportive opinion as well as counter-opinion given by different philosophers and schools of thought concerning this problem. However, the answers or responses which may not in themselves be conclusive are intended to help man understand more about this problem. For it is only when he begins to understand the happening in this world can he truly understand himself. Read More »

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Strategies for Improving Student’s Interest in Studying of Economics

The Strategies for Improving Student’s Interest in Studying of Economics in Senior Secondary Schools in Abakaliki Local Government Area of Ebonyi State

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background to the Study

Economics is taught as a course at the senior secondary school level and in the higher institution. Economics is a very important subject in the school curriculum which does not only improve the mental ability of an individual for a fruitful living but also increase potentials for problem solving, in the society, Samuelson (2000). The realization of these advantages requires all the necessary strategies and materials to be put in place to deliver the education which the society aspires to offer every students in Economics.

Unfortunately, much of what passes Economics or the performances is not encouraging in Abakaliki Local Government Area of Ebonyi State. Economics like other social science subjects has no specific definition. As there are many definitions that depend greatly on the perception of the definer subject. These universal variation in the definition of Economics arise because of the fact that the subject studies human being and their behaviour which can never be the same Nwogu (2000), these divergent human behaviours are subject to different interpretation. To substantiate our argument that Economics has multifarious definition we will quote some definition given by those we consider as authority in Economics. Read More »

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Female Genital Mutilation and Its Effect

The Practise of Female Genital Mutilation and Its Effect in Ndiuruku Amagu Community Izzi, Abakaliki, Local Government Area; Ebonyi State

ABSTRACT

The practice of female genital cutting is known by various names such as female circumcision (FC), female genital mutilation (FGM) or female genital surgeries (FGS), this article examines FGM and looks at the historical background, demographic, psychological and sociocultural information, and prevalence and why the practice continues. This practice of female genital mutilation is as multifaceted as the many names applied to it. The term female circumcision was used in the international literature until 1980s FC is a soft sounding term used to describe all types of genital cuttings and used to imply that the practice is similar to male circumcision. The name female genital mutilation was initiated in the 1970s when US feminists discovered the practice and viewed it as “unspeakable atrocities” or “savage torture” being forced on African girls, this term became widely used in the late 1980s. However, FGC or female genital surgeries (FGS) are the term currently being used. In 1995 the WHO made a strong statement of the practice of FGM. Female genital mutilation is a deeply rooted traditional practice. However, it is a form of violence against girls and women that has serious physical and psychological consequences which adversely affect health. This practice is complex and many reasons contributed its continuation. Questionieer was used as a research instrument to get the information used in the study. One hundred and forty consecutive prime adult and adult were evaluated in Amagu community 1zzi, Abakaliki local government area for evidence of FGM. From the result 94% of the respondent believed that the act was practiced for cultural purposes,   5% were unaware they had FGM, 6 % did not known the reason, 34% it cures vulva itching, 39% reported severe bleeding, 48% believes if a child is not circumcised she will be good, 63% believed if a child is circumcised she will have prolong labour. From the questionnaire served to the prime adult and adult, some of the problems associated with the practice include severe bleeding (haemorrhage), scare tissue formation, infection, and psychological trauma as well as obstructed labour while 30% frown at the practice. Only 5% want the act to continue. Findings are briefly discussed in the project report. Read More »

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Knowledge and Attitude of Women towards Menopause

The Knowledge and Attitude of Women (40-60 Yrs) Towards Menopause in Idemili South Local Government Area of Anambra State

ABSTRACT

The word ‘menopause’ is derived from men and pausis and is a direct description of the psychological and physical events in women where menstruation ceases to occur. It is the time in a woman’s life when she has experienced the last menstrual bleed. Menopause is not a disease per se but a condition associated with hormonal changes where estrogen diminishes to a low level causing health related symptoms. The purpose of this study was to explore and describe the knowledge and attitude to women (40-60 yrs) towards menopause in Idemili South Local Government Area of Anambra State. The target populations used for this study were the 400 women aged 40-60 years. The stratified sampling method was used and participation in this study was based on obtaining informed consent. The data collection instrument was a questionnaire consisting of three parts: demographic information, questions to assess knowledge and attitude investigation questions. Sampling technique was used to select the six communities and the focused group in Idemili South Local Government Area of Anambra State. Sample size of 117 subjects was determined by data saturation. The validity was assessed by the fellow course mates, knowledgeable aged women and the researcher’s supervisor. Data collected from the questionnaire was analyzed using tables, percentages and bar charts. The findings of the study indicated that women in Idemili South Community had the common understanding of the concept menopause, that blood is gone, old age, it was God nature of doing things and that cessation of menstruation was a normal and natural transition. They could not attach cessation of menstruation to menopausal conditions but old age and physical as well as physiological health related problems, and % of 57 and 56% got their information about menopause was positive for the 74% of women while 57% of women have negative influence towards it. The conclusion was based on the findings of the study, 58% of the respondents were acknowledged about menopause and 56.1 were not. The study recommended that more avenues should be created to disseminate information concerning this natural but compulsory phase of life for women. There is need for health care providers to conduct workshops in order to enlighten the women in this community regarding the phenomenal issues of menopause. Read More »

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Stress and Coping Strategies among Pregnant Women

Stress and Coping Strategies among Pregnant Women Attending Ante-Natal Clinic in Federal Medical Center Abakaliki

 ABSTRACT

Pregnancy is a special time for a woman and her family. It is a time of tremendous stress, anxiety, emotional turmoil and readjustment (Ball. 2009, Bick and MacAuthur, 2005, Niel and Roger, 2007). Stress, however does not have to be all bad when managed properly. The rationale of this is to gain insight on stress and the coping strategies among pregnant women. The research setting is Federal Medical Center (FMC). The sample size is 80 pregnant mothers drawn from those attending ante-natal clinic in Federal Medical Centre Abakaliki. Convenience sampling technique was used for data collection, a structural interview schedule comprising of section A and B was used to generate data. Section A is on demographic data, while section B is based on stress and coping strategies among pregnant women attending ante-natal clinic in Federal Medical Center Abakaliki. The data was analyzed by the researcher using percentage (%). It was observed that stress has no negative effect on pregnancy when managed appropriately. Read More »

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