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Disease Burden Associated with Water Shortage

Assessment of Disease Burden Associated with Water Shortage in Ogidi Idemmili North L.G.A of Anambra State

ABSTRACT

This study is aimed at assessing the disease burden associated with water shortage in Ogidi, Idemmili-North, Local Government Area, Anambra State. Water is an important aspect of human life and is basic to human health. The tearning population over the recent years accounts for about 50% of population of developing countries lacking access to portable water, thereby bringing about water shortage.  To achieve this goal, a number of objectives were stated which includes, to determine the source of water supply in the study area, to know the effort made to eradicate the problem of water shortage. The de

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Knowledge of HIV Preventive Measures Among Secondary School Students

Assessment of The Knowledge of Hiv Preventive Measures Among Secondary School Students in Abakaliki, Ebonyi State.

Abstract

Research has been carried out on the prevention of HIV/AIDS and is still on all over the world both in the developed and developing countries because of the morbidity and drain caused by the disease in the economy as well as the continuous increase in the downward trend of the age range of the young ones who engage in sexual activities.  The target population for the study consisted of both Junior and Senior Secondary School Students in the metropolis. These students comprised both male and female students ranging between 10-20 years. The estimated population was 240 students as at 2014/2015 academic session. With an assessment of the extent of knowledge, findings from the survey reveal that most students have heard of HIV/AIDS before. Some have been involved in sex either once or more than once, and half of this group did not use condoms as they gave various reasons for that. Suggestions are therefore made on effective and efficient ways through which HIV/AIDS education could be carried out for better impact based on the research findings. Read More »

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Assessment of School Sanitation in Public Primary Schools

Assessment of School Sanitation in Public Primary Schools in Abakaliki Metropolis, Ebonyi State

ABSTRACT

Appropriate sanitation in schools is fundamental for effective learning and prevention of diseases. This study was undertaken to assess the availability, types and utilization of sanitation facilities in public primary schools within Abakaliki Metropolis, Ebonyi State, Nigeria. Quantitative, descriptive, cross-sectional research design was used for the study. The study population consisted of the three hundred and thirty one (331) public primary schools in the Metropolis while the study sample is made up of 411 respondents drawn from twelve (12) selected schools and Health inspectors of the LGAs that make up the Metropolis. Proportionate cluster sampling technique was used to determine the number of participating schools from each of the three Local Government Areas that constitute the metropolis, while simple random sampling technique was used to select the participating schools. Multi-stage random sampling technique was used to select 396 students from the selected schools, while the key informants were purposefully selected. Data for the study was obtained from physical inspection of sanitation facilities, semi structured questionnaire, focused group discussions and key informant interviews. Thesemi structured questionnaire which was the major instrument used was validated by two senior lecturers in NursingScience Department of Ebonyi State University while a reliability index of 0.80 was obtained using split half approach. Data was analyzed using SPSS analytical software. Results of the study showed that pit toilets are present in 15% of the schools, flush toilets 0% while 85% had no toilet facility. Only 22.7% of the schools has source of water supply while hand washing facilities were present in 39.3% of the schools. On the issue of utilization of the facilities, only 8.6% of respondents make regular use of the refuse bins while 45.3% of the respondents indicated that students do not make use of the hand washing facilities. Moreover, lack of portable water supply and functional toilets in the schools could affect the general hygiene status of the schools and the practice of hand washing by the students. Hence, raising the status of the schools in terms of quantity, quality and usage of sanitation facilities should be a top priority in order to achieve sanitation related SDG goals. Read More »

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Microbial Contaminants of Barbers’ Clippers and It’s Public Health Effect

Microbial Contaminants of Barbers’ Clippers and It’s Public Health Effect in Abakaliki Metropolis

ABSTRACT

The assessment of clippers which is made up of blade assemblies used repeatedly with or without sterilization by barbers during barbering operations has always been crucial with reference to public health importance. This study focused on the identification of the microorganisms that contaminates electric hair clippers used by barbers in public barbing saloons, with the aim of ascertaining their public health implications. Swabs were made of all the hair clippers used in the saloons (before and after disinfection) and cultured in Nutrient Agar (NA) and MacConkey Agar (MCA), for isolation of bacteria and in Saboraud’s Dextrose Agar (SDA), for growth of fungi. The study revealed Malassezia and Trichophyton species as consistent fungi species while staphylococcus Streptococcus and Bacillus species were common bacteria consistently isolated from barbing clippers before and after the use of disinfectant (Jik, Izal, Dethol, Kerosene, Fuel, methylated spirit and others), which are the disinfectant commonly used by babers in Abakaliki town. Malassezia and Trichophyton occurred respectively, which is evident of infectious scalp diseases and significant infectious dermatophytes. Of all the used disinfectants, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) showed more antiseptic properties on all isolates with a zone of inhibition of 12mm (Malassezia), 14mm (Trichophyton), 42mm (Staphylococcus), 40mm (Streptococcus) and 30mm (Bacillus) while fuel and kerosene were least in antiseptic properties and showed zero of inhibition for all the isolates. The result therefore showed that Hydrogen peroxide is suitable for barbing operations and could be an alternative to high level disinfection. Read More »

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A Case Study of Patient with Pre-Eclampsia

A Case Study of Patient with Pre-Eclampsia

 CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Overview of the study

This is a client case study carried out on Mrs. L.O. a 30 years old primigravida with pre-eclampsia who was admitted in the labour ward of mile 4 hospital Abakaliki on 5th February 2017. She was referred from antenatal clinic to the labour ward on account of raised BP(180/120 mmHg), proteinuria of 2+ on dipstick and paedal oedema that is pitting. A diagnosis of pre-eclampsia was made by the doctor in charge and the following treatment prescribed: magnesium sulphate (4mg in IV infusion for hours and 5mg on each buttock) and 10mg IV hydralazine slowly for 15 minutes. Mrs. L.O. now called the husband on phone and intimated him on the situation at hand. The husband now reported immediately with Mrs. L.O.’s mother-in-law and sister-in-law; all looking perplexed not knowing the reason for admitting somebody looking healthy and mobile. Also, the mother-in-law was crying aloud that her enemy is after the daughter-in-law to take away her life and have buried charm for her that makes the leg swollen. It is at this point that I approached them and allayed their anxiety, explained to them that Mrs. L.O. is suffering from severe pre-eclampsia. I further counseled them on the need for immediate intervention and close observation to avoid fitting which may endanger her life and that of her baby which they did not object. Read More »

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Hindrance to Exclusive Breastfeeding Among Lactating Mothers

Hindrance to Exclusive Breastfeeding Among Lactating Mothers, A Case Study of Ezza South Local Government Area of Ebonyi State.

ABSTRACT

This study investigates the hindrance to exclusive breastfeeding, a case study of Ezza South LGA of Ebonyi state. The objectives of the study are to assess the social factors that influence exclusive breastfeeding practice among lactating mothers, assess the cultural factors that influence exclusive breastfeeding practice among lactating mothers, and to ascertain the extent to which ignorance hinders exclusive breastfeeding among lactating mothers in Ezza South. A stratified sampling and a systematic sampling techniques were adopted for the study. The study population comprises of 300 lactating mothers. 171 respondents were selected through systematic sampling technique. Questionnaire was the instrument use for data collection. The data were analyzed using frequency distribution tables and charts. The major findings wherel that a greater percentage (99.4%) of mothers do not practice EBF due to the fear that baby would not get satisfied with breast milk alone, majority (76.6%) do not practice EBF due to the belief that giving child water is a way of welcoming the child into the world and a greater percentage (53.2%) has not heard of EBF. Based on these findings, it was recommended that Nurses and members of public health concerned with child health should be more aggressive in implementing the existing policy on EBF. Read More »

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Indiscriminate Waste Disposal on the Aesthetic Quality of the Environment

The Influence of Indiscriminate Waste Disposal on the Aesthetic Quality of the Environment in Abakaliki Metropolis.

ABSTRACT

The study assessed the influence of indiscriminate waste disposal on the aesthetic quality of the environment in Abakaliki metropolis. Three objectives guided the study which includes to determine the causes of indiscriminate disposal of waste, to identify the environmental problems associated with indiscriminate waste disposal, to identify the various method of waste disposal and to identify the factors that limit the level of efficiency of waste disposal on the aesthetic quality of the environment in Abakaliki metropolis. Related literatures were reviewed and summarized. A descriptive research designs were used for the study. The study population comprised of 400 women. 200 respondents were selected through simple random technique. A self-structured questionnaire validated by the project supervisor is the only instrument used for data collection. Data collected were analyzed with the use of frequency distribution tables and charts. The result of the study showed that a greater percentage 70(35%) said the cause of indiscriminate waste disposal is due to the lack of access to waste collection point; majority 60(30%) said water pollution is major environmental problem, majority 60(30%) said open dumping is the major method used in waste disposal and finally 60(30%) said poor equipment is the limiting factor in the efficiency of EBSEPA in Abakaliki Metropolis. Based on the findings, it was recommended that so far people’s attitude was discovered as the main causes of indiscriminate disposal of waste in Abakaliki metropolis, the need to employ a new orientation on people should be vigorously pursued by the agency concerned, by organizing workshops and seminars where there will always be interaction between the people and environmental professional who will educate them. Read More »

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A Family Case Study of A 74 Years Old Woman with Type II Diabetes Mellitus

A Family Case Study of A 74 Years Old Woman with Type II Diabetes Mellitus

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Client and health condition

This case study is about Mr. F.O’s family with special attention to Mrs. U.O., a 74 years old woman who hails from Egbegbu village, Njikoka L.G.A of Anambra State but resides at No. 7 obiora street, Abakaliki who was accompanied to the outpatient department of the Federal Teaching Hospital Abakaliki (FETHA II) on 10th February, 2017, where I happened to be on duty. She came in with the complaints of general malaise, excess urination, excess hunger, excess thirst e.t.c. on examination, she had a temperature of 380C, pulse 90b/m, respiration 26c/m, weight 90kg and blood sugar test read 250mg/dl (fasting blood sugar level). The diagnosis of diabetes mellitus was then made by the doctor Read More »

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Attitude of Nurses Towards Patients Living with HIV/AIDS

The Attitude of Nurses Towards Patients Living with HIV/AIDS in Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki (Fetha) Ebonyi State.

ABSTRACT

The study assessed the attitude of nurses towards patients living with HIV/AIDS in Federal Teaching Hospital Abakaliki (FETHA), Ebonyi State. Three objectives guided the study which includes to identify the acceptable standard of care for patients living with HIV/AIDS among nurses, to determine the attitude of nurses towards patients living with HIV/AIDS, to determine the ways of improving attitudes of nurses toward patient living with HIV/AIDS in Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki (FETHA). Related literature were reviewed and summarized. A descriptive research designs were used for the study. The study population comprised of 133 registered nurses. 100 registered nurses were selected through stratified random sampling technique and systematic sampling technique. A self-structured questionnaire was validated by the project supervisor and is the only instrument used for data collection. Data collected were analyzed with the use of frequency distribution tables. The result of the study showed that 50% of the nurses that the standard of care for these patients are counseling and reassurance, majority 65% of the nurses have negative attitude towards these patients and Majority 48(48%) of the nurses stated that the attitude of the nurses towards patients living with HIV/AIDS can be improved by employing adequate skilled/trained nurses. Based on the findings, there is need to intensity health education and improve knowledge and attitude of health care professionals through workshops, seminars, group discussions and conferences. Read More »

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Impact of Nurses’ Shortage on Patient’s Care

The Impact of Nurses’ Shortage on Patient’s Care at Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki (Fetha)

 

ABSTRACT

The nursing shortage in Federal Teaching Hospital Abakaliki has undermined the hospital’s goal of rendering quality and excellent care. The purpose of this study therefore was to assess the impact of nurses’ shortage from the views of its causes, impacts on patient care and nurses work life using all cadres of nurses working in the institution as study sample. A descriptive case study research design was adopted for the study and a sample of two hundred and sixty nurses were selected from the nurse’s population of 746. A validated questionnaire constructed by the researcher was used to collect data for the study. Data derived from the study were subjected to simple descriptive statistics. Major findings of the study revealed that the nurses are aware of the impact of nurses’ shortage in FETHA (69.6%). The findings also showed that heavy workload resulting from nursing and non-nursing work in FETHA are responsible for the nursing shortage, skin breakdown and pressure sore formation were revealed to be the impact of nurses’ shortage on patient’s care outcome, increase in job dissatisfaction and frustration  were also revealed to be the effect of nurses’ shortage on nurses’ work life. It is recommended that the factors in the work environment of FETHA which affects recruitment and retention of nurses be addressed.  Read More »

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