CORROSION INHIBITION CHARACTERISTICS OF 4, 4’-BIS-HYDROCHLORIC ACID

EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION ON THE CORROSION INHIBITION CHARACTERISTICS OF 4, 4’- (1, 2 – ETHANEDIYLDINITRILO)BIS- (2-PENTANONE IN 2.0 M HYDROCHLORIC ACID

 CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1       Background of the Study

Industrial revolution that is ever expanding within different parts of the world has several advantages and disadvantages in the quality of environment. Most industries utilize metals or their ores (such as mild steel, aluminum, zinc, and copper) in the fabrication of their installations. In most cases, these metals are exposed to aggressive media and are prone to corrosion (Fouda and Gouda, 2000). Corrosion is an electrochemical process that gradually returns the metal to its natural state in the environment. Corrosion in industries is often activated by processes such as acid wash, etching, prickling and others. Aluminum owes its widespread use after steel, to its excellent corrosion resistance to the air formed film strongly bonded to its surface. This film is relatively stable in aqueous solutions over a pH range of 4–8.5 (Cabot et al., 1991). In such solutions the surface film is insoluble but may be locally attacked by aggressive anions, primarily chlorides. The effect of Cl ions (which can be generated by hydrolysis of HCl) on the corrosion of aluminum and its alloys has been the subject of several studies (Al-Kharafi and Badawy, 1998; Srinivasan and Mital, 1994 and Lin and Chiu, 2005). Read More »

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Family Planning (FP) Methods in Reduction of Maternal Mortality

Use of Family Planning (FP) Methods in Reduction of Maternal Mortality (MM) Among Women of Child-Bearing Age (15 – 49 Years)

ABSTRACT

The study investigated the utilization of family planning among women of child-bearing age (15 – 49 years) in the Federal Teaching Hospital (FETH), Ebonyi State. This research adopts four research questions. Descriptive survey design was adopted for it. A convenience sampling technique of non-probability sample was used to select 60 subjects from the pregnant mothers who attended antenatal clinic at Federal Teaching Hospital (FETH) on the day the data were collected. Results obtained indicated that religious background of the women, significant related to utilization of model family planning services, frequently 60 percentage 100%), educational level of the women is also significantly related to utilization of model family planning services. The level of family income is as well related to the degree of knowledge of the utilization of family planning. Frequency 60, percentage 100%) enlightenment programme, which should involve the religious leaders, is recommended as a vital strategy to prove utilization of model family planning among women of child-bearing age in the study area. Recommended also is the need to improve the literacy status of women by making education free and compulsory for the girl child. Read More »

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Prevalence of Hypertension Among Pregnant Women

Prevalence of Hypertension Among Pregnant Women that Attended Ante Natal Care at Federal Teaching Hospital Abakaliki, Ebonyi State Between the Year 2012-2014

ABSTRACT

The study examined the prevalence of hypertension among pregnant women that attended antenatal clinic at federal teaching hospital was studied. A hypertensive condition during pregnancy is considered one of the disorders of pregnancy. A retrospective design was adopted and the sample included all the women that attended antenatal at the area of study from January 2012 to December 2014. Data was collected from previous medical records of the patients, the data analysis was based on the research objectives hence, each of them was analysed on percentile basis using a table. The results shows that of 3888 sample studied 1374(35.3%) was managed for the disorder. In 2012(29.9%), in 2013(33.3%) and in 2014(37.1%). This shows that hypertension is highest in 2014 and lowest in 2012. The major findings include; the rate at which hypertension occur in pregnancy seems to be increasing with year. BMI of 29-30, first pregnancy and late initiation of antenatal care are predisposing factor. The outcome of pregnancy was high number of normal foetal birth there were also cases of caesarean section foetal and maternal death. The researcher therefore recommends increase public health awareness on hypertension in pregnancy as the need for early resumption of antenatal for early dictation and treatment of the disorder. Read More »

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Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Modern Contraceptive Methods

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Modern Contraceptive Methods and Family Planning Among Female Students of Faculty Of Health Sciences, Ebsu Abakaliki

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background of Study

          Young people often know little or have incorrect information about contraception. Young men are more likely than women to mention lack of knowledge and are much more likely to say that it is their partner’s responsibility to avoid pregnancy. Even when young people can name contraceptives they often do not know where to get them or how to use them. Adolescents have negative attitudes about contraception because they have heard false rumour and have received misleading information about contraception. For example, students in Kenya and Nigeria had heard about contraceptives, but incorrectly cited dangerous side effects (Barker, 2011).  Even when young adducts know about contraceptives, few use them. This may be because it is more difficult for young people to obtain contraceptives than it is for older married couples. They do not know where to go and many are unable to pay for services. (Kahn, 2009). Read More »

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Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Oral Rehydration Therapy Among Mothers

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Oral Rehydration Therapy Among Mothers in Abraka Community in Delta State

ABSTRACT

The primary strategy for reducing child mortality from diaarrhea has been and remains Oral Rehydration Therapy (ORT) as infections causes of diarrhea in children are self limitation. The objectives of this study are to assess the level of knowledge of mothers about oral rehydration therapy, to determine mother’s attitude towards oral rehydration therapy and to determine mother’s practice of oral rehydration therapy. The research design is a descriptive cross sectional survey. A total number of 190 respondents participated in this study. The instrument for data collection was a self-structured questionnaire. In this study, it was discovered that majority of mothers (87.9%) have knowledge of Oral Rehydration therapy. They also have good attitude towards Oral Rehydration Therapy. On their practice of Oral Rehydration Therapy, 72.1% said Oral Rehydration Therapy is what they use anytime their babies have diarrhea. Recommendations were made and the nursing implications of this study were indicated. Read More »

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Antibiotic Resistant Diarrheagenic Bacterial Species from Surface Waters

Occurrence and Distribution of Antibiotic Resistant Diarrheagenic Bacterial Species from Surface Waters in Afikpo, Ebonyi State.

ABSTRACT

This project was carried out to access the occurrence and distribution of antibiotics resistance diarrheagenic bacteria species in surface water in Afikpo-North Ebonyi State with the objective of isolating, characterizing and determining the frequency of occurrence of the bacteria species in water. This was done by collecting different water sample from three different stream namely Ohino-Ngodo, Ngogwo and Okpu. It was further analyzed at the Applied Microbiology Laboratory Ebonyi State University to determine the following: isolation of organism using membrane filter, the isolates were subjected to further morphological, biochemical test, antimicrobial susceptibility test and multiple antibiotic resistance index. The following results were obtained; for the prevalence of isolates, E. coli and Staphylococcus (CNS and aureus) had the highest percentage occurrence (23.07%), Klebsiellaspp had (15.38%) while Shigellaspp and Enterobacterspp had (11.53%)each, Pseudomonasspp had (7.69%) while Salmonella spp and Streptococcus spp had the least percentage occurence(3.84%). The antibiotic susceptibility pattern of bacteria reveals that large proportion of isolates were resistance to sulphamethaxoid (SUL), cephalothin (CEP), tetracycline (TET), penicillin G (PEN), oxytetracycline (OXY),  cefotaxim (CEF), nalidixic acid (NAl) andcefuroxime sodium (CXM).All the isolates were to susceptible to azithromycin (AZM) and imipenen (IPM). The result reveals multiple antibiotic resistance index were found to be more prominent among isolates, the highest MARI value 0.75 was calculated from Salmonella spp, while Staphylococci had the least MARI value of 0.438. Finally, there should be a proper programme, to monitor antimicrobial usage and resistance in bacteria from surface and drinking water in this study area. Read More »

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Education Project Topics and Materials

Education Project Topics and Materials

Generally, Education can be described as the process of facilitating learning, attainment of skills, knowledge, values, habits, and beliefs. There are different methods of education,including, discussion, storytelling, teaching, research and training. In almost every case, education is done under the tutelage and guidance of educators, although a learner or group of learners can educate themselves effectively. The way education takes place can be used to group education into formal or informal. This shows that any experience or exposure that has a formative effect on how the subject reasons, acts or feels may be regarded educational. Pedagogy is the methodology of teaching. Read More »

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Mass Communication Project topics and Materials

Mass Communication Project topics and Materials

HISTORY OF MASS COMMUNICATION IN NIGERIA

Department of Mass Communication was first established in Sub-Sahara Africa in 1961at the University of Nigeria, Nsukka, then called Jackson College of Journalism. This was done with a almost a curriculum similar to American style of school of journalism, this include particularly public relation and advertising. This was a brain child of the university founding father, the late Sage, Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe who is a leading figure in West African journalism. This actualized the dream of the great Zik of Africa’s dream of formal educating journalists and aspiring journalists. Read More »

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Magazine Reading Behavior of Students

Magazine Reading Behavior of Students in Tertiary Institutions in Anambra State (A Case Study Of Federal College Of Education (Tech) Umunze

 CHAPTER TWO

LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1   INTROUDCTION

Knowledge is always acquired every day in the life of human being. It could be through experience, consultation of textbook and entire world. In view of this, a number of textbooks were consulted in order to come out with thorough standard and comprehensive work.

The interest of this study is to determine the magazine reading behaviour of students in Federal College of Education (Tech) Umunze, Anambra State. Read More »

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Problems of Private Broadcasting Media in Nigeria

Assessing the Operational Problems of Private Broadcasting Media in Nigeria [Case Study of Vision Africa 104.1fm and Family Love 103.9fm] Umuahia North Local Government Area Abia State 

CHAPTER TWO

2.0                           LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1   The Concept of Broadcasting

Broadcasting is the distribution of audio and / or video signal (programmes) to a number of recipient (listeners or viewers) that belong to a large group. This group may be the public in general or a relatively large audience within the public. Washington post (2006). Read More »

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