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Indiscriminate Waste Disposal on the Aesthetic Quality of the Environment

The Influence of Indiscriminate Waste Disposal on the Aesthetic Quality of the Environment in Abakaliki Metropolis.

ABSTRACT

The study assessed the influence of indiscriminate waste disposal on the aesthetic quality of the environment in Abakaliki metropolis. Three objectives guided the study which includes to determine the causes of indiscriminate disposal of waste, to identify the environmental problems associated with indiscriminate waste disposal, to identify the various method of waste disposal and to identify the factors that limit the level of efficiency of waste disposal on the aesthetic quality of the environment in Abakaliki metropolis. Related literatures were reviewed and summarized. A descriptive research designs were used for the study. The study population comprised of 400 women. 200 respondents were selected through simple random technique. A self-structured questionnaire validated by the project supervisor is the only instrument used for data collection. Data collected were analyzed with the use of frequency distribution tables and charts. The result of the study showed that a greater percentage 70(35%) said the cause of indiscriminate waste disposal is due to the lack of access to waste collection point; majority 60(30%) said water pollution is major environmental problem, majority 60(30%) said open dumping is the major method used in waste disposal and finally 60(30%) said poor equipment is the limiting factor in the efficiency of EBSEPA in Abakaliki Metropolis. Based on the findings, it was recommended that so far people’s attitude was discovered as the main causes of indiscriminate disposal of waste in Abakaliki metropolis, the need to employ a new orientation on people should be vigorously pursued by the agency concerned, by organizing workshops and seminars where there will always be interaction between the people and environmental professional who will educate them. Read More »

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A Family Case Study of A 74 Years Old Woman with Type II Diabetes Mellitus

A Family Case Study of A 74 Years Old Woman with Type II Diabetes Mellitus

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Client and health condition

This case study is about Mr. F.O’s family with special attention to Mrs. U.O., a 74 years old woman who hails from Egbegbu village, Njikoka L.G.A of Anambra State but resides at No. 7 obiora street, Abakaliki who was accompanied to the outpatient department of the Federal Teaching Hospital Abakaliki (FETHA II) on 10th February, 2017, where I happened to be on duty. She came in with the complaints of general malaise, excess urination, excess hunger, excess thirst e.t.c. on examination, she had a temperature of 380C, pulse 90b/m, respiration 26c/m, weight 90kg and blood sugar test read 250mg/dl (fasting blood sugar level). The diagnosis of diabetes mellitus was then made by the doctor Read More »

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Attitude of Nurses Towards Patients Living with HIV/AIDS

The Attitude of Nurses Towards Patients Living with HIV/AIDS in Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki (Fetha) Ebonyi State.

ABSTRACT

The study assessed the attitude of nurses towards patients living with HIV/AIDS in Federal Teaching Hospital Abakaliki (FETHA), Ebonyi State. Three objectives guided the study which includes to identify the acceptable standard of care for patients living with HIV/AIDS among nurses, to determine the attitude of nurses towards patients living with HIV/AIDS, to determine the ways of improving attitudes of nurses toward patient living with HIV/AIDS in Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki (FETHA). Related literature were reviewed and summarized. A descriptive research designs were used for the study. The study population comprised of 133 registered nurses. 100 registered nurses were selected through stratified random sampling technique and systematic sampling technique. A self-structured questionnaire was validated by the project supervisor and is the only instrument used for data collection. Data collected were analyzed with the use of frequency distribution tables. The result of the study showed that 50% of the nurses that the standard of care for these patients are counseling and reassurance, majority 65% of the nurses have negative attitude towards these patients and Majority 48(48%) of the nurses stated that the attitude of the nurses towards patients living with HIV/AIDS can be improved by employing adequate skilled/trained nurses. Based on the findings, there is need to intensity health education and improve knowledge and attitude of health care professionals through workshops, seminars, group discussions and conferences. Read More »

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Impact of Nurses’ Shortage on Patient’s Care

The Impact of Nurses’ Shortage on Patient’s Care at Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki (Fetha)

 

ABSTRACT

The nursing shortage in Federal Teaching Hospital Abakaliki has undermined the hospital’s goal of rendering quality and excellent care. The purpose of this study therefore was to assess the impact of nurses’ shortage from the views of its causes, impacts on patient care and nurses work life using all cadres of nurses working in the institution as study sample. A descriptive case study research design was adopted for the study and a sample of two hundred and sixty nurses were selected from the nurse’s population of 746. A validated questionnaire constructed by the researcher was used to collect data for the study. Data derived from the study were subjected to simple descriptive statistics. Major findings of the study revealed that the nurses are aware of the impact of nurses’ shortage in FETHA (69.6%). The findings also showed that heavy workload resulting from nursing and non-nursing work in FETHA are responsible for the nursing shortage, skin breakdown and pressure sore formation were revealed to be the impact of nurses’ shortage on patient’s care outcome, increase in job dissatisfaction and frustration  were also revealed to be the effect of nurses’ shortage on nurses’ work life. It is recommended that the factors in the work environment of FETHA which affects recruitment and retention of nurses be addressed.  Read More »

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Neonatal Sepsis Incidence among Neonates (0-1) Month

Neonatal Sepsis Incidence among Neonates (0-1 Month) in Teaching Hospital, Enugu (June 2015-June 2016)

ABSTRACT

This research assessed the incidence of neonatal sepsis among neonates (0-1) month in Teaching Hospital Enugu. Three objectives guided the study which include to determine the number of neonates (0-1) month with sepsis, to identify the factors responsible for neonatal sepsis among the neonates and to identify the treatment modalities used in the management of neonatal sepsis in Teaching Hospital, Enugu. Related literature was reviewed and summarized. A descriptive and retrospective research designs were used for the study. The study population comprised of 400 neonates with sepsis. A self-structured proforma validated by the project supervisor was used to collect the needed data. The data collected were analyzed with the use of frequency distribution tables. The result of the study showed that 400 neonates had sepsis within period of June 2015-June 2016 with a lower incidence of 35.75%. The major factors responsible for sepsis among neonates were out-born delivery and prematurity, with antibiotic therapy as the major treatment modality used. Based on the findings, it was recommended that midwives should ensure that adequate history of every mother is taken and early adequate management of such condition during antenatal visit for early identification of problems or complications and early adequate management of such conditions which might lead to neonatal sepsis. Read More »

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Assessing The Knowledge on Premenstrual Syndrome Among Women

Assessing The Knowledge on Premenstrual Syndrome Among Women of Reproductive Age (15-45) Years in Nursing Science Department, Enugu State University, Enugu

ABSTRACT

The study assessed the knowledge on premenstrual syndrome among women of reproductive age (15-45) years in Nursing Science Department, Enugu State University, Enugu. To this effect, three objectives guided the study to assess the knowledge of premenstrual syndrome among women of reproductive age (15-45yrs), to determine the impact of premenstrual syndrome on the health and academic performance of women of reproductive age (15-45) years and to identify the age range that are mostly affected with Premenstrual sydrome among women of reproductive age (15-45) years in Nursing Science Department, Enugu State University. Related literature was reviewed and summarized. A descriptive research designs was used for the study. The study population comprised of 108 female student (100-200level). A self-structured questionnaire validated by the project supervisor was used to collect the needed data. The data collected were analyzed with the use of frequency distribution tables and charts. The result of the study showed that majority of the women of reproductive age (15-24years) are aware of premenstrual syndrome, majority 82.4% said it has negative impact on their health and academics performance and the age range of women of reproductive age that experience this syndrome falls between 15-24years. Based on the findings, it was recommended that public health nurse educate Women of reproductive age on what premenstrual syndrome are, its signs and symptoms and the management strategies to adopt in other to reduce its negative impact on their health. Read More »

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Factors Affecting the Choice of Contraceptive Devices Among Women

Factors Affecting the Choice of Contraceptive Devices Among Women of Child Bearing Age (15-49 Years) Attending Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki (Fetha I), Ebonyi State.

ABSTRACT

The study assessed the factors affecting the choice of contraceptive devices by women of child bearing age (15-49 years) attending Federal Teaching Hospital Abakaliki (FETHA I) in Ebonyi State. Three objectives guided the study which include: to determine whether these women are aware of the contraceptive devices, to ascertain their most commonly used method of contraception and to identify factors that influence the choice of contraceptive devices by women of child bearing age (15-49 years) attending Federal Teaching hospital, Abakaliki. Related literatures were reviewed and summarized. A descriptive research design was used for the study. The study population comprised 1339 women. 308 women were selected through Yaro Yamane and systematic sampling technique. A self-structured questionnaire validated by the project supervisor is the only instrument used for data collection. Reliability of the instrument was also ensured. Data collected were analyzed with the use of frequency distribution tables and charts. The result of the study showed that a greater percentage (97.7%) said they have heard about contraceptive devices, majority (29.2%) used condom as a contraceptive device, a greater percentage (21.8%) said religion influenced their choice of contraceptive devices including 59.1% who said that their average monthly income affected their choice of contraceptive device. It was then recommended that family planning Providers should be encouraged to update their knowledge from time to time. This could be done by international aid such as pathfinders who can motivate such providers by giving them incentives to improve their services and reduce cost to clients. Read More »

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Urinary Tract Infection Prevalence among Pregnant Women

Urinary Tract Infection Prevalence among Pregnant Women at Antenatal Clinic at Federal Teaching Hospital

ABSTRACT

Pregnancy is the joy of every married woman, but this pregnancy is associated with some physiological changes in the body that subject the woman to some degree of vulnerability and prone to infections especially urinary tract infection. The purpose of this study is to determine the level of knowledge of urinary tract infections among pregnant women attending antenatal clinic at Federal Teaching Hospital Abakaliki (FETHAI) in Ebonyi State. Descriptive research design was adopted for the study. The study population comprised of 784 pregnant mothers that attended antenatal clinic from January to August 2012 at Federal Teaching Hospital Abakaliki. A sample of 265 pregnant mothers were used and random selection were used to reach the respondents in the antenatal clinic. Data for the study were collected through the use of self-structured questionnaire that have been scrutinized and validated by the project supervisor. Data collected were analyzed with the use of frequency distribution tables and percentages. The major findings revealed that 184 (71%) of the respondents had knowledge of urinary tract infection which refers to any infection that affect the urinary tract like the kidney, bladder, urethra and others. Majority 236(91%) are not knowledgeable of the signs and symptoms of urinary tract infections. Also 228(88%) do not have knowledge about the predisposing factors of urinary tract infections and 230(89%) do not know the preventive measure of urinary tract infections. Also, the factor responsible for urinary tract infections among these pregnant women was poor hygienic practices. Based on this findings, the midwives should always give health talk to pregnant women on urinary tract infections so as to lower its occurrence among pregnant women and in the society at large. Read More »

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Knowledge and Practice of Malaria Prevention among Pregnant Women

Knowledge and Practice of Malaria Prevention among Pregnant Women in Federal Teaching Hospital Abakaliki, Ebonyi State

ABSTRACT

The study assessed the knowledge and practice of malaria prevention among pregnant women in Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki of Ebonyi State. Three objectives guided the study which includes: to ascertain the level of knowledge of pregnant women about the causes of malaria, to determine the malaria preventive methods mostly practiced by the mother and to ascertain the factors that hinder the mothers from adopting the preventive measures in Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki of Ebonyi State. Related literature were reviewed and summarized. A descriptive research designs were used for the study. The study population comprised of 106 pregnant women. 84 pregnant women were selected through systematic sampling technique. A self-structured questionnaire validated by the project supervisor is the only instrument used for data collection. Data collected were analyzed with the use of frequency distribution tables and charts. The result of the study shows that the pregnant women have high level of knowledge about the causes of malaria, 72(86%) said the use of drugs is the method majorly put in practice and 62(74%) said they don’t remember to take the anti-malarial drugs and next 52(62%) said the insecticide treated nets is not readily available. Based on the findings, it was recommended that Adequate health education should be given to the pregnant mothers and nursing mothers on the importance of malaria prevention to them and their children and also compliance to their anti-malarial prophylactic drugs. Read More »

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Effect Of Bap Concentration On Macropropagation Of Two Plantain Cultivars

Effect Of Bap Concentration On Macropropagation Of Two Plantain Cultivars

CHAPTER ONE

1.0      INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND INFORMATION

Plantains (Musa spp) belonging to the family Musaceae are the most ancient food plants having being used all over the world and make a major contribution towards the world’s total food production (FAO, 1987).The fruits are highly nutritious, contain large amounts of carbohydrates and minerals such as Phosphorous, Calcium and Potassium as well as Vitamins A and C and significant amount of several other Vitamins (INIBAP, 1987). Plantains originated from South East Asia, a region considered as the primary center of diversification of the crop and where the earliest domestication occurred (Simmonds, 1962). Read More »

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