Factors Affecting Learning among Student Nurses

Evaluation of Factors Affecting Learning among Student Nurses of Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki.

ABSTRACT

 The study assessed factors affecting learning among student nurses of Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki. Three research questions guided the study. Related literatures were reviewed and summarized. The objective of the study was to determine the factor within the student that affects their learning, to determine the factor within the school environment that affect learning among student nurses of EBSU, to identify the factors within the hospital that affect learning among student nurses of EBSU. Descriptive research design was adopted for the study in order to elicit baseline information in the respondents’ natural settings. The study population comprised of Seven hundred and five student nurses in 400 level and 500 level which were randomly selected through the use of structured self-developed questionnaire, scrutinized and validated by the project supervisor. The questionnaire was the main instrument used for data collection. Data collected were analyzed with the use of frequency distributions tables. The result of the study revealed that the majority of the respondents (26%, 21% and 16%) said that lack of personal study skills, level of intelligence and inadequate preparation are student’s related factors that affect learning respectively; the research also revealed that majority of the respondents (30%) stated that lack of equipments in the demonstration room, poor library services (35%), lack of basic amenities like light and water (20%), congestion in classroom (25%), teaching method (31%) and lack of commitment on the part of the teachers (19%) are factors within the school that could affect learning thus resulting in poor performance during exam. Based on the findings, some recommendations were made which include that a comfortable reading or learning space after school should be made available for the students especially student nurses to enhance good learning habit; hostel and classroom should be made conducive for student to aid learning. Overcrowding should be avoided, ventilation should be ensured etc.  Read More »

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Complementary Feeding Practices of Breastfeeding Mothers

Evaluation of Complementary Feeding Practices of Breastfeeding Mothers Attending Maternal and Child Health Services in Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki (FETHA II)

 

Abstract

The study examined the complementary feeding practices of breastfeeding mothers attending Maternal and Child Health Services in Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki (FETHA I). Three research questions guided the study. Related literature were reviewed and summarized. Descriptive survey research design was used in order to elicit base-line information in the respondents’ natural settings. The sample of the study consisted of 128 breastfeeding mothers that attended Maternal and Child Health Services during the period of study. Structured questionnaire was the main instrument used for data collection. The instrument was validated by the project supervisor. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics of frequency distribution tables and percentages. The results showed among others: that majority (72.2%) of the mothers knew the meaning of complementary feeding; 50% of the respondents have knowledge of complementary practices; 90% of the respondent were aware of breast-feeding alongside complementary feeding; 50% were of the view that complementary feeding should be commenced because breast milk is not enough for baby to grow properly; the predominant age of complementary feeding was 4-6 months as revealed by 76% of the respondents, others utilized mostly locally available food in complementary feeding; and mothers made use of food combination mixes for feeding. In line with the findings, recommendations were made which include that: mothers should be taught how to maintain good personal and environmental hygiene to decrease the incidence of disease associated with complementary feeding practices; mothers should be taught to make use of locally available food to provide the correct nutrient in the required proportion by practicing multi mixes of food etc. Read More »

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Virgin Coconut Oil on Markers of Liver and Kidney Damage

Effect of Virgin Coconut Oil on Markers of Liver and Kidney Damage in Rats Fed with Heated Vegetable Oil

 

ABSTRACT

The study investigated the effect of virgin coconut oil (VCO) on serum markers of liver and kidney damage in albino rats administered HVO. Twenty male albino rats weighing 110 g – 246 g were used for the study. After 1 week acclimatization, the rats were grouped into four (n=5/group). Group 1 (control group) were fed with normal pellet diet and clean water ad libitum; Group 2 were fed with VCO supplemented diet (10  % w/w); Group 3 rats were administered HVO (1 ml/100 g body weight); and Group 4 were treated with HVO and VCO. The experimental treatment lasted for 28 consecutive days. The blood samples obtained after sacrifice were centrifuged, serum extracted and used to analyze markers of liver and kidney damage. It was observed that HVO and VCO did not induce significant changes (P > 0.05) on the activities of liver enzymes, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and alkaline phosphatase (ALP). However, administration of HVO increased serum urea, creatinine and uric acid levels, although significant increase was observed only in urea (p < 0.05). In contrast, the dietary supplementation of VCO in VCO + HVO group did not significantly modulated the markers of  kidney damage comparable to the control. These findings suggest that VCO may reduce the adverse effect of consumption of HVO on kidney in rats. Read More »

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Herbicides Orizoplus on the Fresh Water Fish

Effect of Herbicides Orizoplus on the Fresh Water Fish, Clarias Gariepinus

ABSTRACT

The juvenile of Clarias gariepinus mean weight (7.95±0.4g) and length (8.00±0.4cm) were exposed to different concentration of orizoplus (propanil and 2, 4 D) herbicide for 96 hours in order to study the lethal effect of the herbicide. Ten fish in triplicate tanks were exposed to six different concentrations of the herbicide and control (0.0, 60, 70, 80, 90 and 100mg/L). The 96 hours LC50 was estimated as 5.55mg/L with lower and upper confidence limit being 5.27mg/L and 5.84mg/L respectively. During the exposure period, the fish showed several before death. The study showed that orizoplus is highly toxic to fish therefore it should be applied with care especially near water bodies. Read More »

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Dynamics Signal Light Timing on Traffic Density

Dynamics Signal Light Timing on Traffic Density

 

ABSTRACT

Traffic is formally organized in many jurisdictions with marked lanes, junctions, intersection, interchanges, traffic signals, or signs. Traffic is often classified by types: heavy motor vehicle (e.g. car, truck): other vehicle (e.g. moped, bicycle): and pedestrian. Different classes may share speed limits and easement, or may be segregated. Some jurisdictions many have very detailed and complex rules of the road. It is possible to propose a dynamic time-based coordination schemes where the green signal time of the traffic lights is assigned based on the present condition of traffic. This is achieved by using pairs of IR sensors (Transmitters and Receiver) across the road to monitor a particular length/zone while vehicles on the same zone block the IR light falling on the IR receiver to assume low traffic density. The aim of this study is to solve traffic congestion which is a server problem in many modern cities all over the world. To solve this problem we have a framework for a dynamic and automatic light control system. In this we adapt the approach to take data/input/images from object/subject/vehicle and process the input data by computer and microcontroller and finally display it on the traffic signal to control the closed loop system.    Read More »

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Determinants of Choice of Place of Delivery Among Mothers

Determinants of Choice of Place of Delivery Among Childbearing Mothers in Umuoghara Community in Ezza North LGA, Ebony State

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background of the study

Access to quality healthcare during pregnancy and in particular, during delivery is a crucial factor in explaining the huge disparity in maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity between developing and the industrialized world. Nigeria is making much slower progress in maternal and child health indicators among other developing countries. The country has one of the leading maternal mortality ratio estimated at 545 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births in 2008 and 840 maternal deaths in 2010 (NPC and ICF Macro, 2009, UNDP, 2012). An emerging consensus has it that, these deaths can be prevented if deliveries are overseen by skill attendants. Most birth that take place at home are often attended to by relatives or at best, having own experience of childbirth (Wagle et al., 2004). Read More »

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Universe: Cosmological Model

Cosmological Model of the Universe

 

ABSTRACT

Universe: A cosmological model in which the universe has its critical density and the gravitational and cosmological ‘constants’ G and Λ are time-dependent is presented. The model may possibly solve the horizon and monopole problems. It predicts a perpetually expanding universe in which G increase and Λ decreases with time in a manner consistent with conservation of the energy momentum tensor. The model also allows the calculation of various cosmological parameters. Read More »

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Computer Based Banking System

Computer Based Banking System (Case Study of Eco Bank Plc Abakaliki)

 

ABSTRACT

This research work tends to x-ray computer based approach in the solution of saving accounts transaction. The essence of this software-based solution is to eliminate the problem in Manuel savings accounts transaction; this includes incorrect data capturing, fraud and implemented to eliminate the problems of Manuel savings account transactions. Besides, we have real time computing and control introduced; this was linked to the introduction of electronic database management system. Recommendation includes electronic banking with networked facilities to further enhance the banking transaction of eco bank plc as a cash study. We further recommend the development of transaction system II that will incorporate other accounting processes that the bank runs like checking account (current account) et cetera. Read More »

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Breast Feeding Practices of Mothers

Breast Feeding Practices of Mothers in Enugu Urban

Abstract

This work is anchored on the study of breast-feeding practices of nursing mothers in Enugu Urban. Descriptive survey research design was utilized to investigate the breast-feeding practices of mother in Enugu Urban. Two hypotheses was tested using chi-square with the help of statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) version 20. The sample of the study was obtained using Taro Yamane sampling techniques to get 300 mothers among the nursing mothers in Enugu Urban, the findings of the study shows that mothers in Enugu urban breast feds their children for a period of a-12 months, and mothers in Enugu Urban practice exclusive breast feeding and proper breast feeding hygiene when compared to those mothers in the rural areas and non-literate and we recommends that proper breast feeding education should be extended to all nursing mothers in Enugu Urban both literate and non-literate. Read More »

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BAP Influence on Shooting Ability of Musa Species

BAP Influence on Shooting Ability of Musa Species (Owom and Mbelepaul)

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed at determining BAPinfluence on shooting ability of the Musa species: Mbelepaul and Owom. The samples were propagated using sawdust as substrate which was carried out using three of each genotype per BAP concentration. Substrate was sterilized by heating it for forty five minutes. The propagators were filled to three quarter-full with the sterilized sawdust and left for 24 hours to cool before planting the prepared corms. The treatments consisted of 3 BAP concentrations (15, 30 and 45 ml).The samples were watered using 3 different concentrations of BAP in 25 litres of water, Corm propagated in the sawdust was watered immediately after planting but subsequent watering was conducted twice per week. The result showed that, corms at 15 ml performed better in all the parameters. Hence, from this study, it may be said that 15 ml of BAP per 25 litre of water may be best used in the propagation of these genotype. Read More »

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