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Effect of Colonialism on Nigeria’s Political System

Project Topic: Effect of Colonialism on Nigeria’s Political System


CHAPTER ONE

 Introduction

The pitiable state of the Democratic system in Nigeria has raised a lot of questions and dust to political scientists, sociologist and philosopher. Questions like what is the cause of this terrible political system we have in this country? What relevance is our education since it cannot have any influence on our political system nor is Nigeria still suffering from the effect of colonialism? Questions like these and others that led us into a philosophical investigation into both the problems of Nigeria’s political system and the effects of colonization on Nigeria system of politics, and of what relevance is education or literacy going to be in the elimination of such problems.

The political system said to be practiced in Nigeria is Democracy, which we know is best, understood in words of Abraham Lincoln as the government of the people, for the people and by the people. But in Nigeria’s case it seems to be the contrary because Democracy in Nigeria appears to be impoverishing and exploiting the citizenries of this country.

However, the dormant and unfunctional nature Nigeria’s educational system seem to complicate issues; so this work is geared towards discovering the basic problems of Nigeria’s Democracy and how we can re-activate our educational and moral probity from being a dormant entity into an active entity which would have some influence on our Democratic system of governance.

Moreover, the encavement of Nigeria in ignorance seems to complicate issues. The unawareness of ignorance worsens the issue and the complacency of Nigerians buried the issue.

So, this work is set to x-ray the basic problems of Nigeria’s political system, proffer solutions which would consequently, salvage the country from its deplorable state.

1.1       Background of the Study   

Nigeria is a country being inhabited by almost 150 million citizens and the landmark is about 360, 360 sq miles and also Nigeria is country made-up about 250 ethnic groups. Before the European colonialist conquest, Nigeria was a home to a number of sophisticated and influential societies with admirable political system, like the Kanem-Borno Empire and the great kingdom of Oyo etc.

Although different forms of slavery existed in Nigeria before the advent of the west, but the arrival of the Portuguese in the coast of Nigeria in 1470s was the beginning of trans-Atlantic slavery, which was brutal and reduced the population of the country. But with the abolition of slave trade in the 19th century, interest was diverted into agricultural produce like palm oil. At the end of the 19th century, Britain began aggressive military expansion in the region. Britain declared a protectorate in south (Niger Delta) in 1885 and sponsored the creation of the Royal Niger Company in 1886. A protectorate was later declared over northern Nigeria in 1900 and in 1914 the Southern and Northern protectorates were amalgamated, and this was the beginning of British colonial rule. And the form of governance they used was the indirect rule whereby the ‘Chiefs’ were made heads of the Nigerian communities and the checks and balances, which used to control or constrain their powers diminished.

And after centuries of brutal British colonial rule which was meant to exploit and subjugate Nigeria in order to develop Europe, power was handed over to the Nigerian on October 1, 1960 and the first president was chief Nnamdi Azikwe and Alhaji Ahmadu Bello was the first prime minister and Taja Wachuku was the first speaker, House of Representative. And this post-independence era experienced a lot of military interventions and political instability because of the wrong education and British political system, we inherited from the colonialist.

1.2       Statement of the Problem

Nigeria which is referred as the giant of African have been experiencing a lot of political instability and crisis, which have deterred the integral development of this great country, and the cause of this high degree of political instability in this country is what we are set to excavate and proffer a solution to it.

But the most important thing, I want to point out in this work is the pitiable state of ignorance the citizenry of this country, Nigeria possess concerning the root cause of nation’s high level political instability and worse still their complacency to the problem.

Therefore, the problem, this is geared toward treating is the influence or wrong effect of colonization on Nigeria political system and it prefer Education of the citizenry as the best solution to Nigeria political instability that is when the citizenry as now aware of the cause the problem; the problem becomes almost solved.

1.3    Purpose of the Study

Nigeria has suffered drastically from bad governance and different ethnic crises. And it is the awareness of the suffering of Nigerians that prompted this work in order for us to go back down the age to see what is the root cause of the pitiable state of this country and also proffer possible solutions.

Our study shows that British colonialism is the root cause of the country’s political problem. British colonialist came in disguise of bringing development to Nigeria, end up as a means of exploitation and subjugation and implanting into the Nigerians the wrong education of putting personal interest before national interest.

Thus, the purpose of this work is to expose the devastating effect of colonialism on Nigeria’s political system and to also proffer solutions.

1.4       Significance of the Study

This work is an exposé of the devastating effect of colonialism on Nigeria’s political system. The wrong notion of colonialism which has that leadership positions which meant for service should be used as a means of exploitation and subjugation of led or citizenry.

Secondly, this work also gears toward proffering a solution to solve the devastating effect of colonialism on our political system. And Education is seen as the bedrock of Authentic National Democracy because education would enlighten the citizenry of what democracy in order practice an authentic democracy and it would also help to correct the wrong education which is the effect of colonialism by informing our leaders and elites that leadership unlike the colonialist idea of leadership is meant for the service of the citizenry and that tribalism, nepotism, etc should not be preferred to national interest.

Finally, since the colonialist did not consider the interest of culture of several Ethnic groups in the country in the amalgamation of the Southern and Northern protectorate but their self-interest, education would help for proper inculturation of the different cultures in Nigeria in order for peace and progress to reign.

1.5      Scope of the Study

This work will begin by giving the Historical evolution of democracy, the definition of democracy, the different kind of democracy. And this study of what democracy is all about would help to enlighten the citizenry of what democracy should be in order to practice an authentic democracy.

Secondly, the work would expose the effect of British colonialism on our political system. How colonialism has brought about devastating effect on the country’s political system through its policies and way of leadership and has made it practically impossible for this country to practice democracy.

We will also review the political system of Nigeria right from independence to date in order to know the extent we have gone in our political system.

—This article is incomplete———–This article is incomplete———— It was extracted from a well articulated quality Project, Research Work/Material

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Effect of Colonialism on Nigeria’s Political System

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