Category Archives: Philosophy

Social Contract: Thomas Hobbes Vs John Locke

A Comparative Study of Thomas Hobbes’ Social Contract with John Locke’s Social Contract in Their Political Philosophy CHAPTER TWO  2.0     HISTORICAL BACKGROUND  2.1     THOMAS HOBBES (1588-1679) Thomas Hobbes, lived during the most crucial period of early modern English history: English civil war, waged from 1642-1648.13 Hobbes was born on the 15th of April, 1588 in […]

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Nihilism in Freidrich Nietzsche: Morality and Religion

A Critique Of the Moral and Religious Nihilism in the Philosophy of Freidrich Nietzsche CHAPTER TWO 2.0 MORALITY IN QUESTION. 2.1 NIETZSCHE’S CONCEPTION OF MORALITY Having rejected God, Nietzsche sets out for the revaluation of all moral values. He offers a definition of morality as thus: Here is a definition of morality. Morality is the […]

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Hegelian Idealism: Individual Human Person

Critical Analysis of Hegelian Idealism and Its Implications for The Individual Human Person CHAPTER TWO 2.0 THE FOUNDATION OF HEGELIAN IDEALISM This is geared towards exposing those ideas that triggered off Hegelian idealism. If  “nobody speaks from nowhere” as Gadamer says, Hegel must have a basis for his idealism. The idealist systems of his predecessors […]

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CONSCIENCE IN ST. THOMAS AQUINAS

THE BINDING FORCE OF CONSCIENCE IN ST. THOMAS AQUINAS CHAPTER TWO LITERATURE REVIEW The sense of right and wrong has always been in man for ages.  Hence, all cultures, it could be said, recognize the fact that conscience exists.  Many philosophers, theologians and psychologists in their various capacities, have expressed a profound affirmation of the […]

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Political Power in John Locke

John Locke’s Political Power Vis-À-Vis Abuse of Power in Nigeria. CHAPTER TWO MEANING OF POLITICAL POWER IN JOHN LOCKE The meaning of Political Power should be viewed from its original nature. And this original nature is a state where man found himself to exercise perfect freedom to order his actions. Such was the state of […]

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Heidegger: Distorted Images of African

The Distorted Images of African Continent: A Heideggerian Interpretation CHAPTER TWO 2.0    MARTIN HEIDEGGER: THE QUESTION OF “BEING”. Martin Heidegger, born on Sept. 20, 1889 in Messkirch Baden-Württemberg, was a professor both at the universities of Marburg (1923-8) and Freiburg (1928-51) until his death on May 26, 1976 in Freiburg. He was famous for his […]

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Social Contract in Jean Jacques Rousseau: Critique

The Critique of Social Contract in Jean Jacques Rousseau’s Political Philosophy CHAPTER TWO  THE LITERATURE REVIEW From ancient period onward, social contract theory was considered as one of the issues as far as the formation of a state or society is concerned. It is for this reason that many political theorists have formulated and defended […]

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Natural Family Planning: John F. Kippley

The Art of Natural Family Planning in the Light of John F. Kippley (A Philosophical Approach) CHAPTER TWO KINDS OF FAMILY PLANNING 2.1 Natural Family Planning Originally, natural family planning was in the form of what was called “ecological breast-feeding”. Here, couple uses this ecological breast-feeding in spacing their babies. This system is non-systematic. But […]

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Civil State in John Locke’s Political Philosophy

The Civil State in John Locke’s Political Philosophy: Its Relevance to Nigerian Democracy CHAPTER TWO THE ORIGIN OF CIVIL STATE 2.1     The State of Nature At the beginning of the second Chapter in the Second Treatise on Government, Locke tells us that if we are to have a good understanding of political power of the civil […]

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Nihilism in Nietzsche; Critique of Nigerian Situation

Nihilism in Nietzsche; a Critical Evaluation of Nigerian Situation                                    CHAPTER TWO THE CONCEPT OF NIHILISM 2.1 NOTION OF NIHILISM The term ‘nihilism’ is derived from the Latin word ‘nihil’ that literally means ‘nothing’. The New Webster’s Dictionary of English Language defines nihilism as “an attitude rejecting all philosophical or ethical principles.”1 Further, The Routledge […]

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