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Arondizuogu Political Culture, Pre-Colonial Era – 2013

A Study of the Impact of the Arondizuogu Political Culture, Pre-Colonial Era – 2013


Background of the Study

According to E. Simeon “Political culture is a term used to describe a people’s shared framework of values, beliefs, and habits of behavior, in relation to government and politics”1.  These ideals and patterns of behavior develop over time and affect the political life of a community, state, region or country.  More specifically, the concept of political culture refers to how we view the following four aspects of politics, government and society; the relationship between government and the people; the rights and responsibility of the people; the obligations of government; and the limits on governmental authority.

Political culture is important because it establishes the backdrop against which politics unfolds.  It establishes the outer limits of what is possible, or even probable, in the political realm.  Because political actors recognize the boundaries set by political culture, they often consciously use elements of political culture to achieve their ends.  Political culture is equally seen as including knowledge and skills about the operation of a particular system, positive and negative emotional feelings towards it, and evaluative judgements about the system.  Such political emotions sustain values and beliefs and are evoked by symbols.

In its broadest sense, political culture is the political atmosphere or climate of a nation’s government as it is perceived by the people.  It is based upon a shared identity or belief system in the government and its functions.  For instance, although a wide variety of responses might come from people who are asked, “What do you think of your government?”, only few people would disagree that the American political culture embraces such values such as democracy, equality, independence, and liberty.  Political culture thus, encompasses both the political ideals and the operating norms of a polity and it is the product of the collective history of a political system.  According to H. Okoye, “Political culture may be defined as the political, psychology of a country or nation (or subgroup thereof)”2Political culture studies attempt to uncover deep-seated, long-held values characteristic of a society or group towards their politics and government.  Cultural explanations can nevertheless, assist the understanding of how reactions to political events and developments may vary in different societies, while the analysis of sub-cultures remains important in understanding tensions and cleavages within particular societies.

  1. J. Elkins has argued that “Political culture is the sum of assumptions about the political world”3. Assumptions about the political world focus attention on certain features of institutions, events and behavior, define the realm of the possible; identify the problems deemed pertinent, and set the ranges of alternatives among which members of the population make decisions in relation to government and politics.

It should be stressed that, political culture is the property of a collectivity – nation, region, ethnic community, class, party and so on.  Political culture plays a major role in determining the political phenomena.  In this context, it should be noted that decision-making processes, political institutions and procedures are also heavily dependent on the political culture.  Thus, according to E. Podoksik, “Turkish political culture has a lot to say in order to help us understand its impact upon Turkish political life in – general, and policy-making processes in particular”4.  “One of the most salient characteristics of Turkish political culture”, according to him, “is related to state mythos”5.  In Turkey, even in the field of thoughts, state has a dominant and decisive role, and the roots of that role go back to Othoman times.  The most remarkable element of such a strong state understanding is the emergence of respect and praise for authority.  “In Western tradition”, E. Podoksik further noted, “state is seen as a product of the civil society, but in contrast, the Othoman political system sees state as a transcendental and supreme entity”6.

In summary, it can be stated that political culture has a considerable degree of influence upon decision-making procedures and policy making processes. A country characterized by having “internal enemies” which are in fact  typical citizens inevitably gets engaged in political activities that are far from democratic principles.

Statement of Problem

In spite of the considerable degree of influence or role which the political culture of a people plays in their political system and society in general, it has not been given adequate attention by researchers or scholars.  As a result, most societies do not have any knowledge or clear understanding of the impact of the political culture on their political system and society.

Arondizuogu, for instance, has a very rich and enviable political culture which is also believed by the researchers to have had some remarkable impact on the town’s political system.  But not so much is known about such an impact.  This is because such area of study has always been neglected by scholars.

Having however understood that Arondizuogu town has a large collection of rich political culture, which must have impacted or influenced her political system, the researcher has elected to embark on the present study to ascertain how much the political culture of the Arondizuogu people has affected her political system.

Purpose of the Study

The aims of the research is contained in the following proposition; to fill in a gap in the studies of the culture of towns and communities, and the impact or roles it plays in such society.

This study also aims to ascertain whether the political culture of a town or community could have a strong influence on the political system of the town.

It is also the aim of this study to determine or ascertain whether the political culture of Arondizuogu has had a negative or positive influence on her political system and the community in general.

Significance of the Study

The study when successfully completed, will be of great significance to a great number of people especially, historians and history researchers, history students, and indigenes of Arondizuogu.  The study would be very useful to them, as it would unravel and educate them about- the geographical location and history of Arondizuogu, the meaning of political culture, the rich and enviable political culture of Arondizuogu people and the impact of Arondizuogu political culture on Arondizuogu.

To the historians and history researchers, the knowledge and understanding of this treasured history, will not only add and enhance their existing body of knowledge in history, especially in pre-colonial Igbo kingdoms and societies, but will prop them up and serve as a catalyst on them to embark on unearthing or unraveling other ancient histories, which would always serve as an educator and guide to the younger generation, especially the African youths, about their long forgotten histories.

They being custodians of history, would be in a better position to protect and preserve this treasured, unearthed history, through engaging in further research on the subject, and publishing of books on this subject matter.

Organization of the Study

The methodology employed in this research is the use of the primary and secondary methods of data collection.

For the primary data, the researcher conducted oral interviews on the youths, men and women, of Arondizuogu.  The old men and women of Arondizuogu were very receptive and their wealth of experiences on this research study is very useful.  However, since it would not be possible for the researcher to interview every person in the community, she made sure that all the wards or groups were represented in the sampling.

For the secondary data, the researcher consulted textbooks, journals, unpublished materials and the internet.  The material consulted in these documents included literatures or issues that were found to be very relevant to the study.  The library as a store house of information and knowledge offered a great opportunity for acquiring the relevant information within the limited time and at a much less financial cost.  Though works on the study were not enough, the researcher carried out a thorough research on the few but relevant materials.

—This article is incomplete———–This article is incomplete———— It was extracted from a well articulated quality Project, Research Work/Material

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